Landscape and Vegetation Ecology of the Kakadu Region, Northern Australia

Landscape and vegetation ecology of the Kakadu Region, Northern Australia [1996]
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Do tropical savanna skink assemblages show a short-term response to low-intensity fire?

Problem URL. Describe the connection issue. SearchWorks Catalog Stanford Libraries. Landscape and vegetation ecology of the Kakadu Region, Northern Australia. Responsibility edited by C. Max Finlayson and Isabell von Oertzen. Physical description viii, p. Series Geobotany ; Feral buffalo may present even greater controversy.

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The Kakadu reg10n of northern Australia is swarming over the landscape with their meters steeped in cultural history and natural grandeur. and notebooks and . , English, Book, Illustrated edition: Landscape and vegetation ecology of the Kakadu Region, Northern Australia / edited by C. Max Finlayson and Isabell.

Although we cannot extract the ways in which buffalo effects confound the influence of people on savanna integrity from our data, we argue that the interactions between buffalo and fire is an implicit component of contemporary Aboriginal land use, in which the species is valued and managed for hunting Bowman and Robinson Given the fact that eradication is, in the end, financially unsustainable, it seems far more productive to examine the role of grazing as a management tool.

In KNP, the grass—fire cycle involving the native annual Sorghum brachypodum provides a prime example where continuous, monotypic fuel beds of the species in many areas drive more intense, large-scale fires Elliott et al. Although the same species is present in Arnhem Land, aerial surveys indicated low S. High numbers of buffalo are clearly ecologically destructive Petty et al.

A legacy of research in Australia has pioneered the ecological significance of humans in flammable systems Jones ; Bowman and Panton ; Head ; Russell-Smith et al. Although it is difficult to ascertain the degree of replicability or consistency in land use among outstations, the greater heterogeneity and diversity in the CAL Stone Country indicated by C.

The persistence of C. Thus, the contribution of intact C. Although we and others contend that the contemporary institutions like KNP must prioritize the rehabilitation of Aboriginal lands as social—ecological systems Altman and Whitehead ; Whitehead et al. Buffalo will also remain a flashpoint for conservationists, yet similarly, burning restrictions and tourism may not align with the wishes of TOs.

The story of people, fire, and buffalo on the Stone Country affirms the resilience and adaptability of a culture that has persisted for more than 50 millennia. Clearly, the sustainability of the Stone Country, as well as other cultural landscapes, depends upon sustainable futures for indigenous people. This challenges all actors to confront conflicting needs and perspectives, yet also finds common ground, in order to develop and improve management paradigms.

We thank two anonymous reviewers for improving this manuscript. His research interests include coupled social—ecological systems and the relationships between ecosystem dynamics, management, and human welfare at community and landscape scales. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.

Journal List Ecol Evol v. Ecol Evol. Published online Jan 4. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Re-use of this article is permitted in accordance with the Creative Commons Deed, Attribution 2.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract We use the fire ecology and biogeographical patterns of Callitris intratropica , a fire-sensitive conifer, and the Asian water buffalo Bubalus bubalis , an introduced mega-herbivore, to examine the hypothesis that the continuation of Aboriginal burning and cultural integration of buffalo contribute to greater savanna heterogeneity and diversity in central Arnhem Land CAL than Kakadu National Park KNP.

Keywords: Aboriginal landscape burning, Coupled human natural systems, fire ecology, fire management, habitat heterogeneity, landscape history, plant community diversity, tropical savanna. Introduction Fire is an ancient and pervasive disturbance among terrestrial ecosystems yet poses formidable challenges for conservation and socio-economic development Bowman et al. Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Fire, megafauna, and humans on the Stone country The Arnhem Plateau is over a billion years old, yet fire probably became prevalent in the region with the strengthening of the Asian Monsoon c.

Divergent Stone Country management paradigms The Stone Country's ecological history shows clear divergences in patterns of human occupancy and the institutionalization of land management Fig. Methods Callitris intratropica as a Witness Tree Callitris intratropica , one of the savanna's few non-eucalypt overstorey trees, is a fire-sensitive, Gondwanan cypress, which has provided insight into ecological change at regional and continental scales Bowman and Panton ; Prior et al.

Plant community surveys We surveyed the woody plant community associated with C. Aerial surveys Surveys of C. Analyses In order to assess each C. Table 1 The aerial survey observations, scored for each Callitris intratropica grove. Results The frequency of occurrence of plant species illustrated a distinct community association with intact C. Figure 2. Figure 3. Figure 4. Figure 5. Discussion The results of our ground surveys demonstrate that the presence of intact C.

People and buffalo as ecosystem engineers? Hybrid land management — the way forward? Author contributions C. Conflict of Interest None declared. ANU, Canberra: Caring for country and sustainable Indigenous development: Opportunities, constraints and innovation. Cross-cultural conflicts in fire management in northern Australia: not so black and white. Avoiding pitfalls when using information-theoretic methods.

Bibliographic Information

Journal of Wildlife Management. Shaping the landscape: fire-grazer interactions in an African savanna. Evolution of human-driven fire regimes in Africa. Natl Acad. Decline of Callitris intratropica R. Smith in the Northern Territory: implications for pre- and post-European colonization fire regimes. The getting of the Nganabbarru: observations and reflections on Aboriginal buffalo hunting in northern Australia.

Do feral buffalo Bubalus bubalis explain the increase of woody cover in savannas of Kakadu National Park, Australia? Fire in the Earth system. Biogeography of the Australian monsoon tropics. The human dimension of fire regimes on Earth. Current and future threats from non-indigenous animal species in northern Australia: a spotlight on World Heritage Area Kakadu National Park.

Buffalo, tin, baki, and Jesus: the making of a modern wilderness. Culture, ecology and economy of fire management in north Australian savannas: rekindling the wurrk tradition. Overview: laboratory experiments, field experiments, and natural experiments. New York, NY: Ecological thresholds and the status of fire-sensitive vegetation in western Arnhem Land, northern Australia: implications for management. Wildland Fire. Frequency and season of fires varies with distance from settlement and grass composition in Eucalyptus miniata savannas of the Darwin region of northern Australia.

Combining Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal knowledge to assess and manage feral water buffalo impacts on perennial freshwater springs of the Aboriginal-owned Arnhem Plateau, Australia. Pleistocene faunal loss: implications of the after-shock for Australia's past and future. The origin and temporal development of an ancient cultural landscape. The importance of land-use legacies to ecology and conservation.

Geographic patterns and correlates of the decline of granivorous birds in northern Australia. Monitoring contrasting land management in the savanna landscapes of northern Australia. Pyric herbivory: rewilding landscapes through the recoupling of fire and grazing.

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Healthy country, healthy people: policy implications of links between Indigenous human health and environmental condition in tropical Australia. Public Adm. The pattern and ecology of munwag: traditional Aboriginal fire regimes of north central Arnhem Land. Defined by contradiction: the social construction of joint management in Kakadu National Park. PhD thesis. Rethinking the prehistory of hunter-gatherers, fire and vegetation change in northern Australia.

Visions - Fire and wildlife