Putnam, 'The Meaning of Meaning' This book explores some truths behind the truism that experimentation is a hallmark of scientific activity. Scientists' descriptions of nature result from two sorts of encounter: they interact with each other and with nature. Philosophy of science has, by and large, failed to give an account of either sort of interaction.
Philosophers typically imagine that scientists observe, theorize and experiment in order to produce general knowledge of natural laws, knowledge which can be applied to generate new theories and technologies. Most received philosophies of science focus so exclusively on the literary world of representations that they cannot begin to address the philosophical problems arising from the interaction of these worlds: empirical access as a source of knowledge, meaning and reference, and of course, realism.
This has placed the epistemological burden entirely on the predictive role of experiment because, it is argued, testing predictions is all that could show that scientists' theorizing is constrained by nature. Here a purely literary approach contributes to its own demise.
The epistemological significance of experiment turns out to be a theoretical matter: cruciality depends on argument, not experiment. Interpretation analogy experimentation metaphor proposition realism.
the topic of 'meaning' is the one topic discussed in philosophy in which there is literally nothing but Human Agency in Scientific Observation and Experiment. Putnam, 'The Meaning of Meaning' This book explores some truths behind the truism that. Human Agency in Scientific Observation and Experiment. Authors: .
Ferguson , a mechanical engineer and historian of technology, claims that visual reasoning is a widely used tool used in creating technological artefacts. There is ample evidence that visual methods, particularly drawing, play a central role in creating artefacts. Ferguson's visual reasoning also has parallels in philosopher David Gooding 's  argument that experimental scientists work with a combination of action, instruments, objects and procedures as well as words.
That is, with a significant non-verbal component. Ferguson argues that non-verbal reasoning does not get much attention in areas like history of technology and philosophy of science because the people involved are verbal rather than visual thinkers.
Gooding biography ". That celebration he calls "wrighting. Putnam, 'The Meaning of Meaning' This book explores some truths behind the truism that experimentation is a hallmark of scientific activity. Read this book on SpringerLink. Nineteenth CenturyReview: untitled [pp. Researchers gather empirical evidence through experimentation or observation. For example, Collins's work on scientific replication has putatively demonstrated that replications do not justify scientific claims in any straightforward way.
Those who use visual reasoning, notably architects, designers, engineers, and certain mathematicians conceive and manipulate objects in "the mind's eye" before putting them on paper. About this book. Show all. Table of contents 10 chapters Table of contents 10 chapters The procedural turn Pages Gooding, David.
Action and interpretation Pages Gooding, David. Making perception possible Pages Gooding, David.
Making curves Pages Gooding, David. Making circular motion Pages Gooding, David.
Representing experimentation Pages Gooding, David. A realistic role for experiment Pages Gooding, David. Empiricism in practice Pages Gooding, David.