Describing a software application based exclusively on either the operations it was to perform or the data it was to manage was just too simplistic. The demand for software has risen tremendously since the early days of software engineering; and, as basic economics teaches us, when the demand for a product rises, so does the value associated with that product.
This increase in the value of software has encouraged the software industry to seek out and create ever more efficient methods of software production. Much of the previous two chapters have focused on this never ending pursuit of higher quality software with lower costs and shorter production times. We have outlined many of the concepts central to this goal, including one of the foundations of the object-oriented paradigm, abstraction. Abstraction allows for the useful classification of real world phenomena.
All of the technical and managerial activities required to deliver a software product to a client are collectively referred to as a software project. A software project has a specific duration, consumes resources, and produces deliverables. From the perspective of a developer, a software project consists of project functions, activities and tasks.
A project function is an activity, or set of activities, that spans the entire duration of the project. Examples of project functions include configuration management, documentation, quality control, training, and testing. Each of these activities begins in the early stages of the development process, and continues through the development life of the software product. An activity is described as a smaller unit of work. Activities are often small enough for adequate planning and tracking but also large enough to quickly complicate micro management.
Finally, a task is the smallest unit of management accountability. Tasks are the building blocks of the development process, and larger units of work are composed of multiple, complimentary tasks.
Tasks, by nature, have a predetermined, finite duration, require specific resources, and produce tangible results, such as code, documentation, etc. Requirements define expected services of the system and constraints that the system must obey. During the requirements elicitation phase of the software life cycle, information that will be used to define the software system is gathered from numerous sources and organized for this purpose.
This information comes in the form of requirements, which are categorized into functional and non-functional requirements.
System design involves a process to fulfill user requirements. Introduces students to networking fundamentals, including database concepts, client-server programming, and database design. Introduces students to the object oriented design programming techniques, including different programming languages, data manipulation, and sorting.
Although curriculum varies by program type, each features a balanced approach to the study of computer engineering with an emphasis on the design, integration, and support of computer hardware, software, and network systems. Typically requiring between and semester credits to complete, the curriculum is divided between general education and computer engineering classes. Broadly, students develop foundational technical skills by studying programming languages, databases, computer and network architecture, and electro-mechanical systems.
Examples of specific areas of study include systems software, digital integrated circuit design, microcomputer systems, and electrical and computer engineering design. Some colleges allow students to individualize their studies through program concentrations in software, hardware, and related fields such as robotics, Web technologies, information assurance, and Web design. Broad study of the C language, including its structure, style, and operators. Students also receive an introduction to programming design in regards to problem solving. Provides students with knowledge of the components of embedded systems, including assembly language programming, computer organization, and processing.
Focuses on the study of computer programming design--including MATLAB environments--that have applications to engineering problems. Provides student with an introduction to the fundamentals of mobile application, including platforms, design, and programming. The master's degree in computer engineering is designed to prepare students for further studies at the doctoral level or for career advancement.
Master's programs are available in both on-campus and online variants check out this ranking of the best online master's degree programs in computer science. Depending on their professional and educational goals, students may select from Master of Science in Computer Engineering or a Master of Engineering in Computer Engineering. Broadly, the Master of Science degree is a research-based program of study, requiring students to complete independent research that culminates with a thesis project. The Master of Engineering is a professionally focused program of study, one aimed at allowing students to explore professional interests both within and outside of computer engineering.
However, both types of master's degrees include rigorous curriculum and allows students to concentrate their program in specialized areas such as hardware and computer architecture, computer communications and networks, software, cybersecurity, VSLI design and computer-aided design, or energy systems, to name a few. Students typically must complete between 30 and 33 semester credits to graduate, which usually equates to approximately two years of full-time study. Focuses on the principles and protocols used in network systems, including wireless, mobile, data center, and Internet networks.
An advanced study of the organization of computer systems, functionality, design, and performance. The study of very-large-scale integration VSLI deals with emphasis on the design process and techniques for developing an integrated circuit consisting of thousands of transistors in a single microchip. Doctoral studies in computer engineering prepare students to pursue careers in applied research, academia, private industry, and the government.
In addition to completing master's degree requirements, prospective PhD candidates must also complete an additional 32 to 36 semester credits to graduate. Areas of study are traditionally determined by student interest and faculty research areas and may cover a multitude of aspects in computing theory, software, hardware, and computing applications. Research examples range from nanotechnology to bioelectrical engineering, mobile computing to bioinformatics. Earning a Doctor of Philosophy in Computer Engineering traditionally culminates with a research examination, comprehensive examinations, a dissertation, and successful defense of the dissertation before a graduate committee.
PhD students should demonstrate technical expertise in their field of study in a variety of contexts, whether in software or computer hardware design, systems integration, electronic design, integration, networking and security, or embedded systems.
This textbook provides a progressive approach to the teaching of software engineering. First, readers are introduced to the core concepts of the object- oriented. Software Engineering: A Hands-On Approach [Roger Y. Lee] on ykoketomel.ml * FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This textbook provides a progressive.
PhD students develop an ability to communicate their research results effectively, both to scientific and non-scientific audiences. In other words, students should be able to convey complex technical materials through both oral and written presentations that adapt to the standards of the audience or publication.
PhD students should be able to define the scope of and conduct independent research, as well as identify, review, evaluate, and apply information from research publications in their subfield of study in computer engineering. PhD students should be adept at integrating their advanced expertise with new knowledge in order to solve complex engineering problems whether in computer hardware or software engineering.
Online learning affords students a convenient way to complete a computer engineering degree. Through online programs, students can gain industry-specific skills and prepare themselves for real world professional success.
The major benefit for most students considering an online program is convenience. However, not all online degree programs are equal. Below are three factors students should keep in mind when researching online degree programs in this field. Prospective students can also check out this directory of online colleges with top-ranked computer science programs.
ABET is the central accrediting body for computer engineering programs. Students should ensure their selected program is accredited by ABET to ensure quality. ABET reviews multiple criteria of computer engineering programs, including curriculum, student performance, student outcomes, faculty, facilities, and resources. Accreditation is a primary indicator of quality and value. It demonstrates that the program adheres to nationally recognized standards and produces graduates that are prepared for career success.
Because of the breadth of specializations within this field, students should seek out programs where faculty members have real world or research experience in their field of interest e. Prospective students should review the curriculum of each potential program to ensure they are provided with fundamental instruction in both electrical engineering and computer science. Secondly, students should examine the progression of learning. Are they introduced to both the software and hardware aspects of computer systems?
Is there strong emphasis on hands-on learning activities in a laboratory or through student-led engineering projects? Can students concentrate their efforts in a particular area of study, such as embedded digital systems, personal computers, or networking? According to the National Workforce Center for Emerging Technologies, computer engineers should have a blend of soft, employability skills in addition to technical knowledge.
These soft skills include critical thinking, communication, and project and time management. Computer engineers should be detail-oriented, analytical, excellent problems solvers, and able to identify, analyze and craft solutions to complex problems. As a cross-functional position, computer engineering requires individuals be strong communicators, and able to work closely with other colleagues and clients.
Because of the ever-evolving nature of technology, computer engineers should pursue professional development in their area of concentration, whether it is biomedical engineering or automotive engineering. Professional certifications and credentials in computer engineering complement and build upon the knowledge and skills developed during a degree program. The intent of advanced credentials is to demonstrate technical proficiency in a certain aspect of the computer engineering profession.
Generally speaking, there are three types of computer engineering certifications: Vendor-specific, vendor-neutral third-party and general. A developer, trainer, and consultant, he has been teaching and writing about Java since MacDevCenter and for JavaWorld magazine. In addition to contributing to four previous computer science books, Daniel has also written articles and tutorials for the developer sites at Sun, IBM, BEA, and Apple. Daniel W.