In this book, Tim Rutherford-Johnson considers musical composition against this changed backdrop, placing it in the context of globalization, digitization, and new media. Drawing connections with the other arts, in particular visual art and architecture, he expands the definition of Western art music to include forms of composition, experimental music, sound art, and crossover work from across the spectrum, inside and beyond the concert hall.
Rutherford-Johnson puts forth a new approach to the study of contemporary music that relies less on taxonomies of style and technique than on the comparison of different responses to common themes of permission, fluidity, excess, and loss.
Please visit our booth if you are attending, and otherwise …. Tim Rutherford-Johnson is a London-based music journalist and critic. He was the contemporary music editor at Grove Music Online and edited the most recent edition of the Oxford Dictionary of Music. He has taught at Goldsmiths College and Brunel University, and since he has written about new music for his blog, The Rambler. List of illustrations Acknowledgments 1. Mediation and the Marketplace 3. Permission: Freedom, Choice, and the Body 4. Fluidity: Digital Translations, Displacements, and Journeys 5.
Mobility: Worldwide Flows, Networks, and Archipelagos 6. Superabundance: Spectacle, Scale, and Excess 7. Loss: Ruins, Memorials, and Documents 8. Episode I presents a static effect, where disparate sound masses are juxtaposed against one another. All of this is built over a murmuring brass foundation. Listen carefully at  as the trombones initiate a melodic motive, but instead of developing it into a cohesive theme, it fades out by , replaced by a shimmering gong strike and muted clarinet utterances in dialogue with dry snare hits by . Maybe you hear footsteps on a sidewalk at  or the screech of overhead streetcar lines at .
George Crumb b. His Black Angels: 13 Images from the Dark Land is best understood in the context of the Vietnam War, which caused sharp divides between communities and aroused in him an urge to speak about political strife through art.
The main divisions of the piece are structured around a vague sequence of events: Departure—Absence—Return. Crumb appropriated the tune, as many composers have over the centuries, since it matched the mood and message of the piece. Listen for its 7-note contour, plucked on the cello, from , and note that the pattern repeats from . Instead, he seems to be putting evil in its place, allowing a sort of satirical poke at the power of darkness.
At , as the brief movement comes to a close, the instrumentalists simply chant, under their breath, the numbers 1 through 7 in Hungarian throughout, the performers speak in many languages, including German, Russian, Japanese, and Swahili. It should be noted that Crumb was fascinated by numerology, but that topic is really beyond the scope of this tutorial: suffice it to say that 7 represents good and 13 represents evil.
Perhaps in it we can see and sense something of ourselves and our capacity to recognize and overpower dark forces. Classical music post saw composers reimagining the very idea of music, often using instruments in new, unconventional ways, and blurring the line between music and sound. This departure from tradition gets listeners to think about the interactions of sound with each other, and with silence.
Anna Akhmatova Richard Aldington W. Further, classical composers such as Bach, Schubert and Mozart, despite how long ago their music was composed remains relevant because of how it played such a major factor into the evolution of music and its genres. Like English, Urdu, and Korean, musical language is limitless. An early example is Terry Riley's In C , an aleatoric work in which short phrases are chosen by the musicians from a set list and played an arbitrary number of times, while the note C is repeated in eighth notes quavers behind them. Following World War I, as a backlash against what they saw as the increasingly exaggerated gestures and formlessness of late Romanticism, certain composers adopted a neoclassic style, which sought to recapture the balanced forms and clearly perceptible thematic processes of earlier styles  see also New Objectivity and Social Realism. Overall, whether you have learned several different instruments, or simply listen to music, the influence of classical music is undeniable. She expressed the discomfort she feels when contemporary music comes up in conversation with other musicians.
With melody taking a backseat, the listener is free to open their ears to elements such as duration of sounds, repetition, timbre, and the ways in which different sounds interact with one another. Take a cue from these innovative composers by playing around with timbre, atmosphere, and rhythmic structures, or by changing the way you play your instrument! There are infinite ways to use a single instrument; play around with ways that you can draw some new, unusual sounds out of yours! We can help! Whether you want to sing in tune, play by ear, improvise, write your own songs, perform more confidently or just make faster progress, first you need to know where you're starting from.
The Musicality Checklist will quickly reveal your personal musicality profile and how you can improve your natural musicianship. Get the Checklist. Musical U provides in-depth training modules, an easy-to-use personalised planning system, a friendly and supportive community, and access to expert help whenever you need it. Start Now. Musical U membership provides you with dozens of training modules, tools for goal-setting and planning, and a friendly, supportive community who will help you succeed.
Download free ear training apps to help you improve your ear for music:. Welcome to Musical U! Before you dive in, did you know that we offer a Free Checklist to help you become more musical? You can learn to play by ear, sing in tune, become more musically confident, and more The Musicality Checklist will give you the clarity you need to ensure your training is effective and successful. Get the Checklist! John Cage, by WikiArt.
Modern Music and After and millions of other books are available for Amazon Kindle. Modern Music and After 3rd Edition. Over three decades, Paul Griffiths's survey has remained the definitive study of music since the Second World War; this fully revised and updated edition re. Buy Modern Music and After 3 by Paul Griffiths (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders.
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