Content Protection. Flag as inappropriate. It syncs automatically with your account and allows you to read online or offline wherever you are. Please follow the detailed Help Centre instructions to transfer the files to supported eReaders. Similar Ebooks. See more. Ibn Katheer. The book starts by describing the beginning of creation - from the Throne and the Kursi, the Universe and all that is in it, such as the angels, the Jinn and humans.
The book also recounts stories from the lives of the Prophets and their nations, up to the story of Prophet Yoonus Jonah. In this book, the stories of the prophets have been compiled from 'Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah' The Beginning and the End which is a great work of the famous Muslim exegete and historian Ibn Kathir and has a prominent place in the Islamic literature. The stories of the prophets and all the events in their lives have been supported by the Qur'anic Verses and the Sunnah traditions of the Prophet S.
Asked if he pulled the trigger, Mr. But what the hell was I thinking? The Suburban drove quickly away. Strasburg jumped into his Jeep, speeding along wintry roads until he crashed into a culvert. Feeling doomed, he said, he donned his bulletproof vest and plunged into the woods, where he fell asleep in the snow as police helicopters and state troopers closed in on him.
Strasburg had never been screened for post-traumatic stress disorder. Did you take part in any combat operations? After his arrest, a psychologist hired by his family diagnosed combat trauma in Mr. At the sentencing hearing in Broken Bow, Neb. He called Mr. Strasburg to 22 to 36 years in prison. Varney said. Strasburg himself, whose diagnosis was confirmed by the Department of Veterans Affairs, expressed discomfort with his post-traumatic stress disorder and its connection to his crime. Strasburg prefers to see it, he had adapted his behavior to survive in Iraq and then retained that behavior — vigilant, distrustful, armed — when he returned home.
It never would have went down. Strasburg also voiced reluctance to being publicly identified as a PTSD sufferer, worried that his former military colleagues would see him as a weakling. Benjamin D. Tiffner, who was killed in an I. He protested the length of the sentence and requested Mr. He was congratulated and given awards for these actions. Unlike during the Vietnam War, the current military has made a concerted effort, through screenings and research, to gauge the mental health needs of returning veterans.
Although early treatment might help veterans retain their relationships and avoid developing related problems like depression, alcoholism and criminal behavior, many do not seek or get such help.
And this group of homicide defendants seems to be a prime example. Like Mr. Strasburg, many of these veterans learned that they had post-traumatic stress disorder only after their arrests. And their mental health issues often went unevaluated even after the killings if they were pleading not guilty, if they did not have aggressive lawyers and relatives — or if they killed themselves first. Of the 13 combat veterans in The Times database who committed murder-suicides, only two, as best as it can be determined, had psychological problems diagnosed by the military health care system after returning from war.
At various times, the question of whether the military shares some blame for these killings gets posed.
In some cases, the military sent service members with pre-existing problems — known histories of mental illness, drug abuse or domestic abuse — into combat only to find those problems exacerbated by the stresses of war. In other cases, they quickly discharged returning veterans with psychological or substance abuse problems, after which they committed homicides. Perhaps no case has posed the question of military liability more bluntly than that of Lucas T. Borges immigrated from Brazil at 14 and joined the Marines four years later. Assigned on his return to a maintenance battalion at Camp Lejeune, N.
Borges did have a history of marijuana use, which he disclosed to the Marines when he enlisted, said Jeffrey Weber, a lawyer who represented the victims until recently.
But inhaling ether, which produces both a dreamy high and impairment, was new to him, and his sister, Gabriela, a year-old George Washington University student, believes that he developed the habit to relieve the anxiety that he brought home from war. The Marines, aware of Mr. They never offered him drug treatment, either, Mr. Four months after he returned from Iraq, military officials moved to discharge Private Borges when he was caught inhaling ether in his car.
Borges, who threatened to kill himself, to the mental health ward of the base hospital. Weber said. When Mr. Borges retrieved his Camaro, he discovered that the Marines had left their ether canisters inside — they did not have anywhere to store them, officials said at trial — and immediately got high. Convicted of second-degree murder, Mr. Borges was sentenced to 24 to 32 years in prison. Lost in Las Vegas. This can be a difficult lesson to learn. Many soldiers and marines find themselves at war with their spouses, their children, their fellow service members, the world at large and ultimately themselves when they come home.
Shay said. Matthew Sepi withdrew into himself on his return from Iraq. A Navajo Indian who saw his hometown of Winslow, Ariz. Sepi joined the Army at 16, with a permission slip from his mother. For a teenager without much life experience, the war in Iraq was mind-bending, and Mr. Sepi saw intense action.
When his infantry company arrived in April , it was charged with tackling resistant Republican Guard strongholds north of Baghdad. Sepi said. Me and my buddies were the ones that assaulted the places. We went in the buildings and cleared the buildings. We shot and got shot at. After a year of combat, Mr. Sepi returned to Fort Carson, Colo.
The soldiers did not discuss their war experiences or their postwar emotions. Instead, they partied, Mr. Sepi said, and the drinking got him and others in trouble. Arrested for under-age driving under the influence, he was ordered to complete drug and alcohol education and counseling. Shortly after that, he decided to leave the Army.
Broke, Mr. Sepi settled in the Naked City, which is named for the showgirls who used to sunbathe topless there.
After renting a roach-infested hole in the wall with an actual hole in the wall, he found jobs doing roadwork and making plastic juice bottles in a factory. Alone and lonely, he started feeling the effects of his combat experiences. In Las Vegas, Mr. The counselor directed him to seek specialized help from a Veterans Affairs hospital. Sepi said he called the V.
But working hour shifts at a bottling plant, he failed to do so. In July , when Mr. Sepi was arrested, he identified himself as an Iraq veteran. He acted like a scared kid. Soon afterward, Nancy Lemcke, Mr. Lemcke said. We had the wrong house! As part of an operation to break down the resistance in and around Balad, Mr. Sepi and his unit had been given a nightly list of targets for capture. Camouflaged, the American soldiers crept through towns after midnight, working their way down the lists, setting off C-4 plastic explosives at each address to stun the residents into submission.
Although Mr. He did not imagine that the image of the flaming, stumbling Iraqi civilian would linger like a specter in his psyche. Listening to Mr. Sepi recount the story of a death that he regretted in Iraq while grappling with a death that he regretted in Las Vegas, his lawyer grew determined to get him help. An Unusual Legal Deal. She found compassion for him among the law enforcement officials handling the case.
The investigation backed up Mr. It made an impression on the police that he was considerably outweighed — his pounds against a pound man and a pound woman. And it helped Mr. Sepi that his victims were drifters, with no family members pressing for justice. The police said that Kevin Ratcliff, 36, who was shot and wounded by Mr. Sepi, belonged to the Crips and was a convicted felon; Sharon Jackson, 47, who was killed, belonged to NC, the Naked City gang, and an autopsy found alcohol, cocaine and methamphetamines in her blood.
Buoyed by an outpouring of support from Mr. Lemcke pressed the Department of Veterans Affairs to find treatment programs for Mr. Sepi would be dropped. After about three months in jail, Mr. Sepi spent three months at a substance abuse program in Prescott, Ariz. Free to start life over, Mr. Sepi stepped tentatively into adulthood. Settling in Phoenix, he enrolled in automotive school and got a job as a welder for a commercial bakery. Once in a while, he said, a loud noise still starts his heart racing and he breaks into a cold sweat, ready for action. But he knows now how to calm himself, he said, he no longer owns guns, and he is sober and sobered by what he has done.
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