In these two instances, the concept of authority follows having been given the keys of the kingdom of heaven , and regards loosening and binding things on earth, and thus, having loosened and bound the same in heaven Matthew , Matthew A third authority regarding sin is seen without mentioning keys in John Not all adherents to the faith in the risen Jesus Christ follow the further doctrinal concepts of sole authority held in any particular church , organization or individual today.
There is much debate regarding the further doctrinal base the church's leadership established in the early centuries. Many subsequent Protestant denominations and religious groups today, including The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and The Family International , believe to also hold this authority to further doctrine.
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In the Mormon Church, the concept is strongly tied to the priesthood keys held by the President of the Church and their Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. In this passage, the word "you" is singular in the original Greek, despite the other apostles being present. A mirroring passage, which does not mention the keys, is also found later in chapter 18, within the context of verses On the day of Pentecost, Peter, in the presence of the other 11 disciples, speaks a message to the Jews from all over the known world, metaphorically using the keys to open the kingdom, inviting hearers in, building the church.
Here we see Peter act on the commission given to him by Christ in Matthew 16;   . Afterwards, Peter speaks a message explaining the completion of several prophecies, concluding with;.
And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Christianity portal. Marshall, Howard August Scottish Journal of Theology. Retrieved 6 April June Saint Dominic, Priest — Memorial. I will give you the keys to the Kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
The following is an excerpt from My Catholic Faith! So was Jesus just being complementary to Peter, trying to build up his ego? Was He just thanking Peter for acknowledging who He really is?
Or was Jesus doing something more? Was He making Peter a promise that would one day come to fulfillment?
Certainly it was the latter of these. Jesus was telling Peter that he would become the rock foundation of the Church and that Peter would enjoy a unique spiritual power of the Keys of Heaven. What an incredible gift that was! We should take this as a literal commitment from Jesus to Peter.
Perhaps as the Church began, within the first few years, the other Apostles would have been reminded by the Holy Spirit that Jesus said this. Perhaps Peter in his humility would have been reminded by the Holy Spirit that Jesus said this. And as time went on there should be no doubt that Peter began to embrace and own this unique gift of supreme authority.
We see the first clear exercise of this authority in Acts 15, at the Council of Jerusalem, when there was a disagreement about circumcision. After much debate, Peter stood up and spoke with authority. From there, others followed and we see that the question they were debating was clarified and settled.
The same thought recurs in Mark cf. To them, and in particular to Peter, Jesus entrusted the keys of the kingdom, i. Earlier discussion has shown that Jesus brought the kingdom of God to men by His teaching and His mighty deeds. Known as the Great Commission, the Gospel closes with Jesus calling the Apostles, "to make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded to you" One may trace its growth in the apocalyptic writings some of them dating from the 1st cent. See Heaven.
From that time on, the Apostles continued their work of teaching, shepherding and sanctifying. Peter eventually went to Rome to preach and to become the first bishop there. It is in Rome that he died and it was every successor of the Apostle Peter, in Rome, who took on this unique gift of the supreme authority within the Church.