Jahrhunderts , in R. Jahrhundert , in III. Engelhardt ed. Jahrhundert , Stuttgart, , p. Ehmer, Gesellenmigration und handwerkliche Produktionsweise , in G.
Jaritz, A. Ehmer, Wohnen ohne eigene Wohnung. Jahrhunderts , in J. Ehmer, Soziale Traditionen in Zeiten des Wandels. Arbeiter und Handwerker im Jahrhundert , Frankfurt-New York, Crossick ed. Siddle ed. Sonnino ed. Elkar ed. Fajkmajer, Festschrift der Wiener Fleischhauergenossenschaft , Wien, Glettler, Die Wiener Tschechen um Jahrhundert , Frankfurt-Berlin-Wien, Reith, Lehrlinge im deutschen Handwerk des ausgehenden Hufton, Arbeit und Familie , in A.
Farge and N. Zemon Davies eds. King, Migrants on the Margin? Zur Sozialgeschichte Augsburger Handwerksgesellen im Mielke, Schornsteinfeger , in R. Reith ed. Moch, Moving Europeans. Migration in Western Europe since , Bloomington, Lucassen, L. Lucassen ed.
Reininghaus, Vereinigung der Handwerksgesellen in Hessen-Kassel vom Reith, Zur beruflichen Sozialisation im Handwerk vom Reketzki, Das Rauchfangkehrergewerbe in Wien. Seine Entwicklung vom Ende des Jahrhunderts bis ins Jahrhundert Dissertation Thesis , Wien, Clark and D. Souden eds. Jahrhundert , in J. Ehmer and P. Gutschner eds. Kaplan, H. Soly eds. Steidl, Rege Kommunikation zwischen den Alpen und Wien. Zur Sozialgeschichte des Thiel, Gewerbe und Industrie , in Alterthumsverein zu Wien ed. Wadauer, Diese Frage kommt mir oft wie ein Gespenst vor.
Alter und Generationsbeziehungen in der Autobiographik von Handwerkern , in in J. Wesoly, Lehrlinge und Handwerksgesellen am Mittelrhein. Ihre soziale Lage und Organisation vom Zatschek, Handwerk und Gewerbe in Wien. Die Geschichte eines Handwerks , Wien, Der Wiener Vorort Neulerchenfeld , Wien, One came from Bugbrook and the others came from Kislingbury, Harpole and Ravensthorpe, which are 3,4 and 13 km distance from Bugbrooke respectively.
See Wareing , p. This could, according to circumstances, lead to more severe punishment; some master even lost their permit to train new apprentices]. See Fajkmajer , p.
The boys were used for minor domestic services, had to carry loads or little children and were only exposed to minor crafts work. If their parents or guardians wanted to support the apprentices and get him better treatment, they most often had to spend the little assets of the apprentices.
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Hereinafter, the rest of the money was needed for the start as journeyman]. Lausecker , p. September Surgeon findings showed that masters did not discipline their subordinates, but mistreated them in such ways that the plaintiffs not only had the characteristics of it and were incapable of work for some time.
According to a regulation of the head of the police, special attention should be given to the behavior of artisans, in this respect. Those master who are guilty of such tyrannical treatment of their subordinates, should lose their license to train apprentices]. Viennese Municipal Archive, Brief vom Magistrate der k. April Mai Dezember , Wien, , p. Familles laborieuses. Apprentissage, transmission et travail dans les ateliers familiaux. Plan Regional Mobility. Notes 1 See for example Moch Haut de page.
Table des illustrations Titre Fig. Suivez-nous Flux RSS. Lower Austria. Other Alpine prov. Bohemian Lands. Galicia, Bukovina. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content. Advertisement Hide. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. On working-class parochialism, see R.
For more positive views, see M. Young and P. Google Scholar. Vecoli and S. Hoerder ed. On emigration, see A.
On forced emigration, see P. Bean and J. Pooley and J. Castles and G.
Beynon and T. Gregory and W. Dyos and M. Redford  Labour Migration in England, — 2nd edn W. Most were listed as being without occupation, although in the age-group about one quarter of the girls were assigned an occupation. The girls' occupations given in the listing reveal a widespread domestic indus- try of pillow-lace making and to a lesser extent of linen and jersey. School attendance was more common amongst the boys than amongst the girls : in the age-group just over one-half of the boys and just under one-third of the girls were at school. In his twenties he would very probably 6 or 7 to 1 be living away from home, either in service or married.
He would not marry before he was 20, and he would probably marry in his late twenties. He would be unlikely to remain celibate. Four married girls were living with their parents. From 10 to 14 she would almost certainly still be at home, pro- bably employed in lace making or textile spinning. From 15 to 19 she would still most probably 3. From she would be almost equally likely either to remain at home, or to leave home either as a servant or to be married. If she were to leave home, she would be 1.
In her late 20s, however, she would be unlikely to be at home 5 to 1 against , or a servant 10 to 1 against ; most probably she would be married.
Table III above summarizes the information given in the listing on residential distance from home for maie and female children in each age-group who are in service or married. Although the numbers in some parts of the table are too small for any firm conclusions to be drawn, the overall patterns in the residential distribution of servants and married children are not in doubt. Two points should be made about this last figure. Firstly only two boys had reached London, and secondly two-thirds of this group who were living so far from home were not actually servants n.
Thus although this figure of one quarter usefully indicates the extent of long distance migration amongst the unmarried maie children of the parish, it exaggerates the proportion of those who were employed as servants so far from home. By far the most popular place for female servants from Cardington was the country town, Bedford, where about one-third of them found employment. London was the most favoured of the distant locations : about one girl servant in seven was to be found there. Only one quarter of the maie children continued to live in the parish after marriage.
Ano- ther quarter were residing in neighbouring parishes, so that about a half of the married maie children were living within a radius of 8 kilometers 5 miles from their parents' home. On the other hand about a third of the married maie children were living in London. About the same proportion, one quarter, of the girls remained in the parish after marriage, but one half of those that remained continued to live with their parents.