go site Mental health According to the World Health Organization, mental health is " a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her own community.
Many humanitarian agencies, especially those outside the health sector, prefer to speak about psychosocial well-being as compared to mental health, deeming the latter term too narrow and the former to include psychological and social and cultural well-being. It is a response to an event that overwhelms the individuals coping resources, making it difficult for him or her to function effectively in society. Traumatic situations are those in which the person is rendered powerless and where great danger is involved.
Trauma generally includes events involving death or injury or the possibility of death or injury. The word trauma is generally used to include both natural catastrophes The definition of trauma entails the cultural and ecological systems that mediate human experience and provide resources for coping and meaning making.
Google Scholar. The epidemiology of traumatic event exposure worldwide: results from the World Mental Health Survey Consortium. Springer Verlag Hardcover The present study aims to fill a gap in the study of resilience to trauma by examining resilience in a culturally diverse population. Assessing local instrument reliability and validity: a field-based example from northern Uganda.
Furthermore, the detection of traumatic stress disorder implies that the stressful event has overtaxed personal and in some cases, community capacities Yet, for the vast majority of survivors, 'traumatisation' is a pseudo-condition; distress or suffering per se is not psychological disturbance. It is a severe and ongoing emotional reaction to an extreme psychological trauma. The defining characteristic of a traumatic event is its capacity to provoke fear, helplessness or horror in response to the threat of injury or death.
According to Dr. Syed Arshad Husain of the University of Missouri , "post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD , as this form of psychological distress is commonly known, involves the development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically distressing event that is outside the range of normal human experience Traumatic events become internalized in the minds of victims and are relived by them long after the events are over.
Even when they approach the trauma differently, many specialists continue to use the PTSD language to describe the problems they address. A number of factors contribute to the outcome following trauma, including aspects of the event and the exposure; the characteristics of the victim and family; and sociocultural factors.
Go to Key debate: Medicalizing trauma and healing the individual: The use of PTSD [Back to Top] Cultural Trauma "Cultural Trauma occurs when members of a collectivity feel they have been subjected to a horrendous event that leaves indelible marks upon their group consciousness, marking their memories forever and changing their future identity in fundamental and irrevocable ways. In the narratives of victims and survivors, these aspects form an integral part of the violation of their rights and their emotional experience. Ancient or contemporary symbols, practices, naming devices and myths must be reclaimed and reconstructed after mass crimes, taking full account of what was done to these symbols by conscious effort during the period of violence.
The term psychosocial is used to underscore the close and dynamic connection between the psychological and the social realms of human experience. Psychological aspects are those that affect thoughts, emotions, behavior, memory, learning ability, perceptions and understanding.
Social aspects refer to the effects on relationships, traditions, cultures and values, family and community, also extending to the economic realm and its effects on status and social networks. Luc Reychler and Thania Paffenholz, Anthony J. Silvana Turkovic, Trauma Consultants Ltd. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase.
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