Drift Smoke: Loss And Renewal In A Land Of Fire (Environmental Arts and Humanities)

David Bowman
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In , the Kivalina City and Tribal Councils worked with community partners to co-develop a prototype large-scale biochar reactor, a relocatable device that converts human waste into pathogen-free biochar. Biochar has proven to be useful as a soil amendment, for odor elimination, and to mitigate pollution at toxic waste sites.

The project proposes to initiate operation of the reactor by hiring local workers from the community that will operate and manage the reactor, track system performance, and lead community educational programming about the reactor and its benefits to the community. Community outreach activities include community workshops, household surveys, radio announcements, and long-term planning town halls. Sitka Tribe of Alaska STA Year: Water Quality, Solid Waste Disposal The body of research about microplastics in the ocean and their effect on marine and terrestrial animals has increased substantially in the past ten years.

STA will collect water and subsistence food samples from four locations within STA's traditional territory to test for the presence of microplastics and associated toxins. These results will be compared to commercially purchased foods and the safety standards. STA will share these results with the public so people can make informed decisions about harvesting traditional foods.

Smoke Pollution from Forest Fires

Local students will assist in sampling of local food and water. Proposed outputs include: 72 subsistence food samples, 18 commercial food samples, and 12 water samples collected and tested. Samples will be analyzed by the University of Alaska. Chickaloon Native Village Year: Air Quality, Water Quality, Farming and Fishing This project seeks to educate the local community, empower them to take action regarding public health, air, water quality, fish, wildlife, and health in response to proposed coal surface strip mining.

Also, the community will increase their awareness of the connection between coal surface strip mining, transporting, exporting, and consumption in relation to environmental impacts and how these impacts are being experienced locally, statewide, nationally, and globally. A final goal of the project will be to create a formal community stakeholder engagement plan, use an assessment of community concerns and goals, and develop a final Community Environmental Health Report to be shared with policy and decision-makers.

It will include suggestions the community can act on locally to address the associated environmental and public health issues. Kuskokwim River Watershed Council Year: Water Quality The Kuskokwim River Watershed Council will examine water quality standards and investigate sources of pollution by installing a fixed water quality monitoring station on the Kuskokwim River. The Council will use its findings to develop communications tools and a water quality training plan that enables standards, techniques and quality assurance plans to be disseminated to EPA Tribal environmental workers and Tribes across the Watershed.

Seldovia Village Tribe Year: Water Quality, Toxic Substances The Seldovia Village Tribe Safe Drinking Water Project will address the need to test residential wells and local waterways for contaminants including arsenic, iron and lead to determine if levels surpass EPA standards and present a health risk to community members. Yakutat Tlingit Tribe Year: Toxic Substances The Yakutat Tlingit, a federally recognized tribe located on the Gulf of Alaska, plans to research the impact of toxic substances on area marine wetlands.

Dioxin contamination has limited the food supply, disrupted a significant source of traditional foods and has had a negative impact on Tribal cultural practices. Tribal members will be involved in a sampling effort to determine the nature, extent and sources of the contamination with an emphasis on determining if there are uncontaminated areas that are safe for Tribal subsistence activities. This project will also build community capacity through outreach, involvement and education of Tribal members and others.

The overarching goals are to improve and enhance public and environmental health with substantially reduced environmental health risks associated with solid waste management SWM. The objectives include 1 developing the Alaska Tribal EJ SWM: Beginning the Roadmap report to identify the needs, concerns, and potential next steps for Alaska Tribes 2 providing summit participants a SWM tool box of resources to assist tribes in solid waste management for their communities. Finally, through our existing Community Leadership Institute, we will empower the residents by training them in public speaking and effective advocacy skills.

To complement our resident organizing capacity, we will partner with local stakeholders to provide technical expertise on the project. This will be achieved by identifying and documenting subsistence practices of local indigenous people, identifying the marine resources upon which they depend, and incorporating that information into the development planning process, at a stage early enough that the information can be effectively utilized to avoid detrimental impacts. Lawrence Island will examine the health effects of hazardous substances by conducting and environmental health survey.

The results of the survey will assist the community in identifying hazardous substances that affect their health.

The purpose of the survey is to give residents accurate summary data about environmental contaminants. Maniilaq Association Year: Toxic Substances, Community Resiliency The intent of this project is to expand scientific knowledge about the possible effects from different metals occurring from source contamination on subsistence food staples within the NW Arctic Borough.

This information will help Tribal communities understand their environmental issues and develop solutions to public health concerns. Village of Igiugig Year: Solid Waste Disposal The project will help determine the history of the dump site which was established by the Dept. The dump site is close to the Igiugig School. The purpose of the project is to conduct research into the operational history of the site, develop an inventory of the contents, develop a strategy to clean up and cap the site and create a list of the possible human and environmental health threats posed by the site.

Port Graham Village Council Year: Water Quality, Air Quality, Farming and Fishing The project will address the effects of oil and gas leasing, exploration, development and production activities on Alaska Native subsistence resources, including acute and chronic impacts on drinking water, marine water, air, land and fisheries and marine mammal resources. Port Graham will lead the effort, among other Cook Inlet tribes, to develop and implement a strategic communications plan to improve the frequency and substance of oil and gas discussions.

Implementation of the plan will include facilitated meetings including two one-day information clinics , conferences and Internet list serves to enhance information exchange and to foster better dialogue on oil and gas issues among tribes. In addition, two liaisons will be appointed from each village to ensure participation and representation from all the villages. Louden Tribal Council Year: Farming and Fishing The purpose of this project is to conduct a baseline study to assess tissue contaminant levels in traditional foods, specifically Burbot fish.

The project will also include an environmental education component involving students from the Galena City School who will participate in an independent study that will coincide with the sampling so they can witness the dissection techniques. In addition, the Louden Tribal Council will partner with the Tanana Chiefs Conference to conduct a workshop on traditional ecological knowledge and wisdom about Burbot fish and other fish resources.

Circle Village Year: Air Quality, Solid Waste Disposal This project will facilitate production of videos showing the relationship of the contamination of the environment in the local region as it is related to daily subsistence lifestyles. This project will also facilitate an understanding of the need for increased local participation in voicing concern about local environmental degradation and the need for remedial correction; increased understanding of the need for increased communication between the local native communities; and the agencies governing the Clean Air Act and the Solid Waste Disposal Act.

The center will inform and educate the community about potential exposure to contaminants that may result from dependence on traditional subsistence. Affected communities lack access to information. The objective is to provide access to information about pollution problems that may affect them for independent technical interpretation of remedial investigations, feasibility studies, sampling data, etc. Develop research information with respect to hazardous substances in the environment and their potential effects and risks to human health.

Also, provide information on water and air pollution sources and ways to eliminate them.

Environmental Writing Theses

The project continues building community capacity by developing an organizational structure for a newly-established community center and addressing drinking water quality by training community health workers on: 1 community involvement and education strategies, 2 conducting home visits to assess drinking water, and 3 remediation of drinking water issues through installation of water filters, application of chlorine, or addressing faulty pipes. SEAHEC aims to recruit 4 community members as community health workers and 10 residents for the Community Action Committee that will develop a community action plan, and conduct up to 50 home visits to assess drinking water.

The University of Arizona will provide two public health interns and a bilingual project coordinator to support the project. Through this project, Southside residents will identify the economic and environmental hazards and health risks associated with periodic flooding and polluted local waterways. Friends of Rio de Flagg will develop reports on information gathered from community surveys, conduct three community listening forums, and host a larger community meeting.

Public input from these activities will be included in watershed planning efforts and help decision makers prioritize watershed projects. Sonora Environmental Research, Inc. SERI Year: Water Quality SERI, with the assistance of Tucson Water and the University of Arizona, will educate low-income families and develop a loan program to overcome the upfront cost of obtaining a rainwater harvesting system and to provide a mechanism for families to invest in a system to meet the needs for more effective water management.

SERI will develop this program with community input and pilot the program with a minimum of 10 families for shade tree irrigation. The project also seeks to educate low-income families on other measures to reduce the urban heat island effect. Given the ongoing drought in the southwest and the long-term forecast for even hotter conditions, approaches for more effective water management are increasingly important for our communities.

Tolani Lake Enterprise Year: Water Quality In an effort to address increasing chronic drought and climate change, Tolani Lake Enterprise and its partners will seek to strengthen community capacity among members of the Navajo Nation to understand and address poor water quality and to create an action plan to seek and develop alternative clean water sources. Working with local policymakers, the organization will incorporate a culturally sensitive strategic planning process. The project will target 20 communities along the Little Colorado River Watershed that are negatively impacted by uranium contamination of surface, ground, and drinking waters.

The organization will also work with Navajo Water Resources and federal agencies to test wells and other residential water sources in an effort to detect contaminants, develop a reporting system, and identify clean water sources. The investigation will provide valuable information on the presence of hazardous substances in community water sources that are not regularly monitored. The water sample analyses combined with a household survey, will allow research teams to develop exposure factors for vulnerable groups like pregnant women and children. Additionally, the project will also provide information about any differences in water quality between wet and dry seasons.

The data from the assessment phase will be useful in identifying and quantifying problems, and all stakeholders will then work together in transforming this information into an effective action plan to improve and provide safe access to drinking water. Sonora Environmental Research Institute Inc. SERI will also promote community-wide awareness, create a partnership between the neighborhood team and industry to address risks, and use the new partnership to develop a strategic plan to reduce risks and improve public health.

An evaluation will take place throughout the project with a final report at the end. The research will establish a community-driven protocol to conduct health surveys of workers and community residents. The survey will document health concerns and will lead to an action plan to address health concerns and business and agency practices that contribute to environmental hazards.

The area also includes three major natural gas processing facilities, two large saltwater injection facilities, and dozens of tank batteries and waste disposal sites. These facilities routinely emit a wide range of toxic substances—e. Local students will work with UNM collaborators to design an appropriate survey for community residents, to collect appropriate air monitoring data in collaboration with NNEPA, to collect associated geospatial data, and with the analytical assistance of UNM partners, to analyze and interpret those data. The results of the study will be reported back to the communities and be used as the basis for determining further needs and supporting further funding applications to appropriate agencies.

Downtown Southwest Neighborhood Association, Inc. Their purpose is to educate, clean and beautify the low income minority neighborhoods in Phoenix, Arizona. DSNA will serve as a liaison, and facilitator for parent-teacher meetings, and neighborhood forums. Some of the major activities include publishing a monthly newsletter and coordinate a community clean up and tree planting projects. Renovation efforts will include stabilization of lead paint, energy efficiency improvements, and solar panel installations. Leading up to the opening of the community center, the organization will engage the community in organic gardening demonstrations, food distribution activities, and outdoor environmental education workshops.

Several environmental programs will be demonstrated at the local community center including multiple community gardens and community workshops on energy efficiency products. Arkansas Human Development Corp. AHDC in Little Rock plans to provide capacity building skills training and knowledge to community-based organizations, health and non-health organizations and agencies who service the migrant and seasonal farm workers.

Developing these skills will enable these organizations to better serve the farmers, growers and seasonal agricultural workers. The program will train health and non-health providers how to assist agricultural workers in accessing the services that will help them regarding pesticides and other environmental problems. The locally placed Ameri-Corps members will be used to establish personal links with migrant and seasonal farm working communities.

This personal approach will be most effective for educational information that must be communicated. Education programs will be introduced through a variety of formats, including public workshops, focus groups, fairs and culturally sensitive materials.

Drift Smoke : Loss and Renewal in a Land of Fire

Community participation will be achieved through the high visibility and distribution of bilingual materials at the appropriate reading level of the migrant and seasonal farmworker population. Arco Iris, Inc. The project will educate the community on the importance of recycling, the effect on landfill use and effect of landfill use on water pollution, enhance understanding of environmental systems, and generate information on pollution prevention through community leader-based awareness activities.

The target audience in East Monticello is a low economic, predominantly minority population. Vista Community Clinic VCC Year: Toxic Substance VCC will address the risks faced by domestic workers in the daily use of toxic household cleaning and air freshening products and the negative impact on their health and the environment. Located in North San Diego County, VCC will educate domestic workers regarding the public health risks faced in their work and homes and ways to reduce risks through precautionary measures and substitution of less toxic cleaning substances.

The project will also educate workers on recycling practices of cleaning products and train social service providers, community health workers, and other agencies to continue domestic worker education. VCC will document the results of a needs assessment of domestic workers and develop educational tools and training materials. The project aims to engage approximately domestic workers in the local area. Asian Health Services AHS Year: Reducing Indoor Air Pollution in Nail Salons The project will focus on reducing chemical workplace exposures impacting local nail salon workers who are disproportionately exposed to carcinogenic and reproductively harmful chemicals resulting in headaches, dizziness, chronic asthma, memory loss, dermatitis, breathing difficulties, cancer and reproductive harm.

These trained community liaisons and project partners will also provide public education via workshops and community outreach to educate residents. Clinica del Salud de Valle de Salinas Year: Toxic Substances, Farming and Fishing Proyecto La Semilla will train farmworkers who are parents and leaders in their communities to protect children from pesticides by becoming pesticide safety educators. The project will conduct eight one-day train-the-trainers workshops in eight agricultural communities for parents.

After attending the workshop each participant will conduct three peer presentations with a goal of training more parents, so the training and follow up conducted will support the education of parents. The project will prepare five residents to complete and gain certification in three to four CalEPA regulatory courses. Additionally, this project will help support the development of a handbook or database identifying, describing, and categorizing instruments that regulatory agencies have at their disposal to gather environmental data.

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This handbook will not only be helpful for community members, but it will also help other regulatory agencies understand the capacity and jurisdictions of other agencies. Community Water Center CWC Year: Water Quality Community Water Center CWC will provide capacity building, organizing support and technical assistance to low-income, predominantly Latino communities in the southern San Joaquin Valley of California to foster effective community participation in local water decision-making, and enable community members to collaborate with other partners agencies, organizations and decision-makers to secure safe and affordable drinking water solutions.

The specific goals of this project are to: 1 inform residents of impacted communities about the toxic chemicals in their water supplies, the potential health impacts and how to access safe and clean drinking water; 2 reduce the potential exposure to toxic chemicals in groundwater that serves as the source of drinking water for communities in the San Joaquin Valley; 3 promote community capacity building to understand and participate effectively in water policy and planning decision-making affecting drinking water in the southern San Joaquin Valley; and 4 address the cumulative impacts of pollution in drinking water sources through collaboration between residents, community-based organizations and local government.

This work is especially important given the severe drought in California. The organization will host a series of seven workshops designed to engage and empower community members to address the air pollution generated by waterfront activity including toxic emissions from area shipyards.

EHC will also work with local and federal government officials to analyze current policies that address air pollution, develop priorities, create strategies, and implement measures that are practical and beneficial to the community.

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The project will empower Vietnamese salon workers to address the unique environmental and health challenges that result from chronic and cumulative exposures to chemicals known or suspected to be carcinogenic and reproductively harmful. The project features training in source reduction, trash separation, recycling, composting, and implementation of a sustainable program of these practices. Center for Community Action and Environmental Justice Year: Air Quality The organization will implement an asthma prevention and education program providing outreach, training and healthcare referral services to low-income, Hispanic residents in the cities of San Bernardino and Jurupa Valley, California.

Training will consist of a series of workshops where residents will learn about asthma symptoms and triggers. Other benefits include in-home medical visits by healthcare professionals from area clinics. Through a series of training workshops and community outreach, the project will address equitable community planning practices and land uses in underserved neighborhoods. Community members will be able to use training resources to learn how to engage government officials and contribute to policy and regulatory efforts that result in the reduction of exposure to toxic chemicals and promote improved air quality.

The project will provide training on environmental laws, the regulatory process and environmental health policy in the San Joaquin Valley. The Institute will also assist in establishing sustainable, organic community farms to increase access to healthy food. The Valley is home to high rates of air pollution from pesticides, transport and confined animal feeding operations as well as soil and water contamination from industrial farming and waste dumping.

As a result, the communities will learn about the health impacts of environmental hazards, existing laws designed to mitigate exposure and how to recognize and report violations. The project will also establish the Fresno Environmental Reporting Network FERN website, a countywide community friendly site that allows residents to report environmental hazards and allows the responsible local and state agencies to investigate potential violations.

EBALDC will empower community members to address environmental and public health issues associated with planned local development projects. The project will engage community members in the process of collecting local data on air quality to better illustrate the potential impacts that planned development and resulting increases in traffic will have on the area. The workshops and training will present information about mercury in fish and findings about other toxins in mine tailings. There will also be information about potential health impacts and measures to reduce exposure.

Community residents, health professionals, tribal leaders and scientists will work together through this project to bring information and tools to individuals in the rural Sierra Nevada region of California. The project will conduct outreach in four communities by providing residents with educational materials including data analyses to address legacy mining pollution in the region.

The project will educate health providers, regulators, salon owners and technicians, and community leaders about safe practices and health impacts associated with exposure to chemicals in salon products. The organization will also examine ways to reduce exposure to these toxins. The program design will include four types of activities: 1 community outreach using the mass and small media, 2 training workshops for nail salon owners and workers, 3 technical assistance for both workers and employers exposed to workplace hazards, and 4 building long-term capacity for salon owners and technicians to be involved in local and federal decision making processes.

Community Services Unlimited, Inc. The project will teach youth in South Central Los Angeles about sustainable urban agriculture techniques and engage them in teaching other community youth and adults about the benefits of adopting healthy eating habits, methods used to reduce exposure to toxins, and ways to mitigate climate change. By teaching students how to grow food organically, the project will increase community access to healthy fresh produce and raise awareness about reducing exposure to lead and pesticides. The project seeks to reduce diesel emissions impacting the air quality of Kettleman City and Avenal, where primarily low income, Spanish-speaking Latinos reside.

The project will create a diesel education and emissions program model that can be distributed to other San Joaquin Valley communities that are impacted by diesel pollution. Community Water Center will provide technical and advocacy assistance to San Joaquin Valley residents facing water challenges, utilize various strategies to reach and educate residents about the pervasive lack of safe drinking water, provide water quality trainings to residents who want to become more engaged in San Joaquin Valley drinking water protection efforts and facilitate the direct participation of residents in public venues where water quality decisions are made.

This project will build community capacity and awareness of local environmental threats to children and residents in low income, communities of color living in heavily polluted areas of Riverside and San Bernardino County. CCAEJ proposes to focus on schools and other child oriented facilities. The school-based Platform for Action will train students and parents on how to use P-Trac instruments to take air sample readings of ultra fine particles, how to download the data on a computer, and how to develop graphs and presentations in order to share the findings with others in the community.

Located on the lower part of the Klamath River, in parts of Del Norte and Humboldt Counties, the Yurok Reservation faces significant environmental impacts from climate change including coastal erosion, the rise of sea levels, and increased flooding in the Klamath River watershed. The largest and poorest federally recognized tribe within California, the Yurok Reservation hopes to build tribal government and community capacity via technical training of the program staff and participation in national meetings.

The project will engage the reservation community in potential localized changes through the production of educational materials, including a brochure outlining various opportunities to participate in local and regional climate change planning efforts. The final goal of the project is the preparation and completion of the Yurok Tribe Climate Change Prioritization Plan and an initial assessment of potential climate change impacts that will serve as a guide for future tribal climate change research and planning efforts.

The Program will include energy evaluations, conservation consultations, and building retrofitting for energy efficiency. In addition to the energy reduction benefits, the Program will increase the Tribe's environmental capacity by providing Tribal members with training for specialized "green" jobs. Energy evaluations and retrofits will be completed by program trainees and graduates, teamed with energy professionals and contractors, providing program participants with the necessary hands-on experience to become licensed California Weatherization Contractors.

Environmental Justice

After the fact, we were able to laugh at the thought of the eight farmers attacking the head, or at least the most active flank, of the fire, their bar-towel-snapping sidekick bringing up the rear. For many, the service was cut short by a new fire. For them, the only logical, and manly, way to fight fire was head-on. Finally, the last phase will involve CWOR assisting with the research, work plan development and data analysis work. I am here to guide you with love and compassion. The county judge opened by congratulating everyone for taking the time to show up, with special thanks to the women who had prepared supper.

The purpose of the project is to 1 increase the Richmond community's ability to engage in the development of an Energy and Climate Action Plan ECAP ; and 2 to engage Richmond's decision makers in addressing the impacts that climate change has on the city's low-income communities and communities of color. The organization will accomplish this by creating and implementing a "Climate Justice Curriculum" that connects climate change to local and regional efforts around transportation justice, affordable housing, equitable development and quality green jobs.

It will build public awareness regarding the threats of climate change and the benefits of developing a local ECAP through public alerts and briefing sessions, and work to increase the capacity of Richmond residents and stakeholders to help them participate effectively in planning efforts related to climate change.

The Watershed Project Year: Water Quality, Farming and Fishing, Toxic Substances The Watershed Project, a non-profit organization with a year history of working in the Richmond community, will lead the Richmond Greenway Bioswale and Native Plant Garden Greenway Garden project, a community based effort to transform a section of abandoned railroad into a transportation, education, and recreation resource for the community. The project will set an example for the City by using low impact biological and cost effective ways of removing storm water pollutants, as well as encourage green approaches to cleaning local storm waters.

The Greenway Garden will restore a wildlife habitat in the heart of urban Richmond, educate the surrounding community about local gardening and demonstrate how the native habitat can reduce the need for pesticides in adjacent vegetable and fruit gardens. The project is designed to improve water quality in the Bay by reducing storm water and urban runoff pollution, increasing awareness of Low Impact Design best management practices, and increasing environmental literacy in the Richmond community.

Rose Foundation Year: Air Quality, Community Resiliency The Rose Foundation's New Voices Are Rising Program is a youth-focused community-driven environmental justice and civic engagement project that works with students from low-income communities and communities of color in Oakland and Richmond, California. Participating students will attend an intensive summer program focusing on strategies for addressing climate change, as well as a series of classroom presentations on environmental health, environmental civics, and the connections between air pollution environmental health disparities in low-income communities and communities of color in San Francisco's East Bay.

They will learn about the federal, state, and local roles in developing laws and regulations that impact climate change, air pollution, and community health, and they will also learn key analytical tools and public speaking skills that will encourage them to participate effectively in public efforts to improve air quality. The expected results include 1 the adoption of Integrated Pest Management practices and a reduction in pesticide use in the home, 2 strategies to reduce water intrusion and mold growth in the home to improve air quality and reduce asthmagens, and 3 a reduction in the use of toxic substances including pesticides in the workplace.

Finally, local government, school, and housing improvements that reduce toxic exposures, improve indoor air quality, and improve community knowledge about local consequences of climate changes. The project is a direct response to the health and environmental challenges that coincide with the poor air quality and green house gas emissions faced by residents living in the urban core.

Emerald Necklace will on focus on creating healthy cities by providing valuable training to the community on issues including air, water quality and greenhouse gas emissions, and creating green infrastructure to address these challenges in a holistic manner. Through teaching residents how to grow food naturally, the project will increase community residents' access to healthy produce, while also raising awareness about, and reducing exposure to, lead and pesticide hazards. CBE will hold new fossil fuel leadership training for youth who are active in the EJ communities of South East LA and Wilmington on the global and local impacts of fossil fuels, work with youth to carry out simple, alternative energy demonstration projects, and continue youth involvement on local fossil fuel policy.

The youth leaders will help tremendously by learning the facts about fossil fuels, climate change, and practical solutions, educating their friends and family, and increasing their leadership skills to address these environmental issues. CBE will then analyze that data to quantify the amount of mobile source pollution residents are exposed to, address the diesel truck routes in the area, and build local awareness and develop community-based structures to mobilize support for an inclusive planning process.

Through education campaigns and community trainings, the recipient will bring together community residents and local decision-makers to foster dialogue and collaboration to address the many environmental hazards facing Arvin. The team will assist in developing materials and a training plan for community health workers regarding air pollution for use in the CCAEJ community health worker curriculum.

Pacific Institutes for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security Year: Air Quality, Pollution The identified issue for this project is exposure to diesel emissions and other environmental hazards associated with inappropriate land use within West Oakland. Pacific Institutes and the WOEIP plan to achieve their desired goal through: 1 incorporating the community's vision into existing land use plans for the reuse of the Oakland Army Base and the City of Oakland; 2 convening all relevant stakeholders including business, Port of Oakland, and the City to participate on the Land Use Workgroup to develop and implement solutions; and 3 working with the City and other government entities to change existing policies to favor land uses with less environmental impacts.

Environmental Health Coalition will form a collaborative working group to identify environmental health problems associated with the existing operations of the National City Marine Terminal and the Tenth Avenue Marine Terminal operated by the San Diego Unified Port District on adjacent neighborhoods and develop a plan to reduce diesel particulate and other pollution from existing and the proposed expansion of these operations.

Richmond is currently in the preliminary stages of updating its General Plan. APEN will use the process as a means to engage and educate their members on these issues and participate in the updating process to build relationships with other potential partners. As a result of training and leadership development workshops, the residents will develop the skills to analyze and address the environmental and public health concerns in their community. In turn, these community members will work to maintain and build sustainable relationships between communities, and increase awareness and engagement.

The project will culminate with a public education and media campaign. Results from the health survey will be mapped to identify thyroid cancer clusters along contaminated groundwater plumes. Drift smoke : loss and renewal in a land of fire, David J. Strohmaier, electronic resource.

Distant Bridges

The Resource Drift smoke : loss and renewal in a land of fire, David J. Strohmaier, electronic resource Resource Information. The item Drift smoke : loss and renewal in a land of fire, David J. Strohmaier, electronic resource represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in University Of Pikeville. This item is available to borrow from 1 library branch. Creator Strohmaier, David J. Contributor NetLibrary, Inc. Language eng. Publication Reno, University of Nevada Press, Extent 1 v.

Isbn Label Drift smoke : loss and renewal in a land of fire Title Drift smoke Title remainder loss and renewal in a land of fire Statement of responsibility David J. Strohmaier Creator Strohmaier, David J. Electronic books Wildfires -- Environmental aspects -- West U. So just for a year or so I made trips back home over the Severn Bridge taking photos of the last days of the farm—and the bridges. Then home was no longer there. The old house three storeys had had separate adult territories and time zones. The new house two storeys could not accommodate these so easily. And then it dawned on me—or one of my brothers pointed it out—that one can see the Severn bridges in the far distance when standing on the highest point of the new farm.

The estuary itself is not visible, but its presence again signalled by the familiar down-shift in tone between the near and far land. My father had always commented on the view in reverse —from Wales to England. But for him that was a matter of immediate practicality, for telling the coming weather. I subsequently became a bit obsessed by views across the estuary, and photos—looking over or looking back—from one side to the other. The landscape of the old farm still haunts me. Its loss pains me greatly. This is not discussed much among us, I just get glimpses into that. It feels to me that it is the geography itself I grieve for: not so much the life there in terms of family, which was quite difficult in some respects, but the place, the landscape itself.

Perhaps the place itself was my refuge. I don't really remember it as events—but as material spaces. The views back over the estuary weather permitting and of the bridges feel like a form of haunting that keeps memories, absences and longings simmering away Figure Sometimes the far shore and Wales, and where the farm was, cannot be seen at all. Sometimes distant banks of cloud look like distant land.

Sometimes the far shore is clear and sharp in sunlight while the near land England is in shadow—sometimes the reverse. Memory renders displacement and absence complex. It brings what is absent—other times, other places—into presence. Photographs play an important role in the articulation of absence. This is not easy: I have hundreds, if not thousands, of photographs and negatives, in boxes and files, and digital images in folders on PC and Macintosh—a jumbled ecology of stuff.

I have even made videos of crossing the old Severn Bridge—some are on-line. So far I have found over images specifically of the bridges. This series of photos spans the change from chemically based photography to digital. Digital photography with its hugely increased immediacy and capacity makes a difference to how loss and displacement might be represented by images.

Once developed, in the mysterious atmospheres of the darkroom, contact sheets were printed, then a few frames selected for printing. There was a serious commitment and craft dedicated to each image. The negatives stored in delicate tissue paper sleeves in files seem an analogy for memory itself—fragile, subject to fading and damage. The profligacy of digital media seems to work with memory entirely differently. There seems to be something almost sacred about film negatives—even ones holding poor images.

They were, after all, directly touched by the light of that place, at that moment. The light had touched the materiality of the place and then soaked into the emulsion of the film. Where am I in all this stuff—these images? Thrift asserts: people [are] rather ill-defined constellations We are thus constructed by losses as we are by presences. Which forces are centripetal gathering self , which are centrifugal scattering sense of self?

How does this play out in relation to landscapes and everyday life? The tensions that Wylie focuses upon will be both in self and in landscape. Material objects, photographs, texts and living memory scramble how absences and presences interplay in the practice of ongoing life.

In , I took the train to Totnes, passing the Exe estuary—tide in. On my way back—tide out, mudflats grey—I read a Guardian Family article about a woman mourning her childhood home: the home was repossessed by a bank still hated by her after her parents got divorced. Going back, some years later, and being shown around by the new family's children was something of a solace. That night I dreamt of the beaches of Tenby, a very frequent dream setting , being scoured by fierce winds that drove sand into improbably high banks far out in the wide and exposed intertidal area.

A frequent feature of these dreams is the tide receding improbably far or rising improbably high. The setting of the dream changes—and I am standing at the top of the yard at the old farm, looking down its gentle slope to the lower barns: the whole has a patina of grey, glistening, churned and channelled mud as it often was. And a wave of grief hits me. My dreams recreate, in heightened, distorted psychogeographical richness, the various places of the movement from one place to another centred around the restless estuary.

Often series of dreams run for a few years if feels like this or is just dreamt as such , to be replaced by others: Standing on a hill near Bath, looking out over the vale, to Bristol, to the far hills of Wales, and the tide rising out of the hidden estuary and reaching so high that it fills the whole space drowning everything in between the near and far hills.

Being in the old farmhouse in Wales looking out through a small, high window in the attic and seeing a silver tide wash right up to the house. Or looking out over the estuary while fierce tornadoes and explosions devastate the far shore. Being on one shore of the estuary, looking across to the other side, with its complexities of ports, industry, bridges and tides, and the turbulence of the brown waters.

Or travelling up or down the waterway itself, noting the dramatic hill landscapes on one shore or the other. For a while, the old Severn Bridge was a dominant theme of my dreams. Always its geography—the hinterlands on either side, the entry and exit roads, the composition and spaces of structure—was distorted, exaggerated, more complex. Many dreams feature impossible rooms and voids in the bridge structure itself; journeys across almost never fulfilled.

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These have stopped for now. I have nostalgia for them. Or did I dream that I had had a series of dreams about the bridge? My family stayed in the farmhouse as new access roads were driven through the fields and hedges, one looping around the farmstead like a noose Figure The far fields became building plots, then new streets, and families moved in.

I talked to, and took photos of, children from these new houses playing in the detritus of the next building phases—sites now much closer to the house. I dream often of the once secure and private yard and barns being invaded by strangers and strange presences and people trying to get into our house. Then the barns were demolished. I took photos of these final moments; salvaged odd pieces of oak beams.

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Then, at last, with new houses crowding up to the garden walls, it was time to leave the farmhouse itself. Once, in a fierce storm years before, I could not sleep, and I told my mother I was scared as the winds coming across the moors battered wildly against the windows. She soothed me and told me that the house had stood and protected all in it for years or more.

But it was clear it was no longer a sanctuary: my father shouting and cursing down the phone; unsettling meetings and discussions with solicitors and valuers; my mother trying to keep the peace. We left, taking what we could, but leaving volumes of detritus and possessions of uncertain use and value. Not all could be taken. An aunt, my mother's sister, who lived with us she needed caring for refused to pack any of her things. A few weeks later I went back with one of my brothers—at this point my dreams and my memories are almost undistinguishable: the front door had been kicked and the house partly burnt and ransacked.

We salvaged what we could. It was difficult to climb the fire-damaged stairs. Some of this certainly took place, I know because I still have a large number of smoke-damaged large-format art books that I recovered the house had always been full of books. I drink too much; battle with anxiety and anger. I don't feel properly fitted into the world. I often feel withdrawn, isolated and disconnected, even when with people I know and trust. Looking people anyone in the eye is hard. Again, where all this really comes from I don't know.

But the multiple and then final displacement s from the old farm feel very much part of it all. The question of moving again from where we now live is one I never consider. Home is home. I try to absorb the new home and landscape into my being. I gaze at the vistas of hills and valleys which swing and scroll each time I drive to and from the village, and try to sense and assimilate the shape of the land as I walk.

I think it has soaked into me to some extent.

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I have a great affection for it. I am trying to rebuild a sense of home and belonging, working on our new home another old farmhouse using stone and oak materials that endure over time and bear the marks of time. And rescued objects from the old farm are now seeded through this new home and garden. I love the nearby hill with a single tree atop, which is a local landmark, and the corvid colony that lives close by in the tall trees around the church—hundreds of jackdaws, rooks and crows which animate the sky, whirling around in mad clattering chases—populating the village quiet.

So our new home is not simply impoverished in comparison with the old, but can it ever really be home? Even aspects of this new place are now lost themselves. The new farm underwent some development. Barns that were once full of animals, hay and dust, and penetrated by the arc of diving swallows are now smart houses—troubling echoes of loss. The Welsh farmhouse now stands as a block of flats in the suburbs that closed around it. I have been to look—been inside it. It can be seen on Google Street View.

And where the old farm was can be wandered around virtually, its geography completely erased, apart from a few trees and, strangely, a fragment of garden wall, near where my mother used to sit in the sun. My body reacts each time I read through this sentence as I struggle to finish the paper. I have started to overlay the new street map onto the old farm map. This paper is really a component in an ongoing narrative of loss—some short sections of threads which I have tried to weave together.

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I could have included many different details— other photos, dreams, maps, vistas, details of the farms old and new. I have included what felt right at the time of writing. The threads go on, will do until I die, and after; will live on in our children the new home is their home landscape ; will live on in texts and photos—in ways I can't really know. The two are interplaying. This then is, by default, non-representational, and stands at the margins of planned and emergent.

The thought of that fills me with visceral panic. I fear the loss of the tides and the magical landscape they make. Finally, and perhaps to start a new chapter in all this, I gave an early version of this paper at the University of Glamorgan, Cardiff, in 58 —thus quite local to the scenes outlined above. One person commented at the end that he was familiar with the housing estates which were built where the old farms once were. He went on to say that some of these are now poor areas of the city where migrant workers, asylum seekers and people on welfare live—people who themselves are likely to be living with displacement and loss in various ways.

And so, things—perspectives—change. I, we, keep moving on through time, memory, place, with and without others. Sebald, ed. I read this on a website dedicated to bridge engineering which focused in detail on the suspension bridges and the Severn Bridge in particular some years ago. I cannot now find that site or information. Another entanglement of memory, loss and landscape. Internal Drainage Boards are a type of local authority in areas of special drainage needs; they have certain duties and powers in relation to the appropriate management of water in the landscape.

Davidson, L. Bondi and M. Smith Oxford: Ashgate, , A brand of solid fuel stove kept alight permanently for cooking and heating and which has become a rural icon. Edensor Oxford: Ashgate, , Thanks to all for the invite and questions.