Coordinatory knowledge arises in action-coordination. Actions, at physical, representational and propositional levels, utilise different structures.
Stages in the development of knowledge are marked by different structures and their logical characterisation does not preclude empirical testing. Deductive necessity is the criterion of the closure of a structure, occurring only at operational levels.
Genetic epistemology or 'developmental theory of knowledge' is a study of the origins (genesis) of knowledge (epistemology) established by Jean Piaget. Piaget called his general theoretical framework “genetic epistemology” because he was primarily interested in how knowledge developed in.
Structural change occurs when transcendence of a contradiction- mistake leads to the formation of a new structure. Processes of upper bound equilibration and constructive forms of abstraction and generalisation are necessary for such formation. Functioning is an invariant feature of organic and cognitive life and is manifest in different structural instantiations.
Four lines of objection are considered.
Operational knowledge is attributed only when a subject uses language to justify a judgement and expresses the universality and necessity of a deduction. In consequence Piaget's accounts of transitivity and inclusion are defended. The theory does not favour physical over social cognition nor intra- over inter-subjective factors.
Abstract Several philosophers have questioned the possibility of a genetic epistemology, an epistemology concerned with the developmental transitions between successive states of knowledge in the individual person. In the mid-twentieth century, Europe was experiencing a period of post-war reconstruction. Delete Cancel Save. Advanced Search. At the same time, accentuating the dimension of the processes, it argues that it is essential to consider all knowledge from the point of view of its development over time Piaget, a. That is, Knowledge is not out there, external to the child and waiting to be discovered.
Piaget continued working on a general theory of structures and tying his psychological work to biology for many more years. By the end of his career, he had written over 60 books and many hundreds of articles.
He died in Geneva, September 16, , one of the most significant psychologists of the twentieth century . Many experiments have been carried out to show that children have abilities at a stage X of development which, according to Piaget, they should not have until stage Y.
He assumes that the results of individual development steps are necessary because they follow a genetic development principle. The abstract and functionally conceived adaptation is defined as the reason for all the individual learning steps that children take — i.
In the abstraction of equilibrium — beyond certain contents — he can classify every result of learning, because he has eliminated every possible contradiction by definition and beforehand in the abstraction of his principle of equilibration. Equilibrium is then always exactly the state that was already known as the result of each particular learning step. The theoretical concepts thus give the development a name in order to express formally the necessity of the learning step. They do not explain it in this way. In this way, Piaget makes his theory independent of the results of his research.
He transfers his observations to his abstractions. All his observations now fit together without the abstract categories, which Piaget named and explained as the reason for his development, having to be related to experiments or observations. As a pattern of interpretation, the theory plausibilizes the postulated necessity of arbitrary developmental steps.
At yovisto academic video search you can learn more about Jean Piaget and his theories in the lecture of Yale Prof.
It begins with an introduction of Piaget who, interested in the emergence of knowledge in general, studied children and the way they learn about the world in order to formulate his theories of cognitive development. References and Further Reading:. Your email address will not be published.
Jean Piaget photo: University of Michigan. Related Posts. Johann Ludwig Burckhardt and the discovery of Petra. Alexis de Tocqueville and the Democracy in America. Tweets by SciHiBlog. September