Quantum Nanosystems: Structure, Properties, and Interactions

The Quantum Mechanics Aspect of Structural Transformations in Nanosystems
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kulturisztika.hu/med/wp-content/spotsylvania/2241-astrology-signs.php Inorganic Chemistry , 50 12 , The Journal of Physical Chemistry C , 18 , Beth A. Manhat, Anna L. Brown, Labe A. Black, J. Chemistry of Materials , 23 9 , Journal of the American Chemical Society , 15 , Stefan O. Baumann, Michael J. Langmuir , 27 5 , Analytical Chemistry , 83 3 , Joseph E. Weaver, Mallika R. ACS Nano , 4 11 , The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters , 1 20 , Journal of the American Chemical Society , 35 , Bhupendra B.

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Semiempirical study on the absorption spectra of the coronene-like molecular models of graphene quantum dots. Nanofluid enhanced oil recovery using induced ZnO nanocrystals by electromagnetic energy: Viscosity increment. Fuel , , Lepadatu, A. Slav, C. Palade, I. Dascalescu, M. Enculescu, S. Iftimie, S. Lazanu, V. Teodorescu, M. Ciurea, T. Dense Ge nanocrystals embedded in TiO2 with exponentially increased photoconduction by field effect. Scientific Reports , 8 1 DOI: Low-energy electronic properties of a Weyl semimetal quantum dot.

Defect engineering in photocatalytic materials. Nano Energy , 53 , Avinash Singh, M. Dynamics of radiolytic formation of CdSe quantum dots in aqueous solution containing different alcohols: A pulse radiolysis study. Radiation Physics and Chemistry , , Colloidal photoemissive nanoparticles. ChemTexts , 4 3 DOI: Yavorskyi, L. Nykyruy, G. Wisz, P. Potera, S. Adamiak, Sz. Structural and optical properties of cadmium telluride obtained by physical vapor deposition technique.

Applied Nanoscience , 49 DOI: The dose-dependent photobleaching of CdTe quantum dots in aqueous media. Journal of Luminescence , , Moslemi, E. Soheyli, M. Majles Ara, R. Facile preparation of yellow and red emitting ZnCdSeS quantum dots and their third-order nonlinear optical properties. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids , , Bukivskii, Yu. Gnatenko, Yu. Piryatinski, P. Photoluminescence lifetime studies of PbI 2 nanoclusters and microcrystallites in Pb 0. Andrei Bejan, Luminita Marin. Phenothiazine based nanocrystals with enhanced solid state emission.

Journal of Molecular Liquids , , Application of PDF analysis assisted by MD simulations for determination of the atomic structure and crystal habit of CdSe nanocrystals. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter , 30 34 , Advanced Sustainable Systems , , Kamarulzaman, D. Mustaffa, N. Chayed, N. Badar, M. Taib, A. Comparison of experimental and first-principle results of band-gap narrowing of MgO nanostructures and their dependence on crystal structural parameters. Applied Nanoscience , DOI: Chemistry - A European Journal , 24 45 , Advanced Functional Materials , 28 33 , Journal of Electronic Materials , 47 8 , Dhrubajyoti Saikia, Ranjit Sarma.

Fabrication of organic light-emitting diode using molybdenum trioxide interlayer between electrode and organic interface. Stanish, Pavle V. Compositional control of the photocatalytic activity of Ga 2 O 3 nanocrystals enabled by defect-induced carrier trapping. Chemical Physics Letters , , Shikai Deng, Anirudha V. Sumant, Vikas Berry. Strain engineering in two-dimensional nanomaterials beyond graphene. Nano Today , DOI: Nature Reviews Chemistry , 2 8 , Size effect on carrier dynamics in CdS nanoparticles studied by photoluminescence and picosecond time-resolved photoluminescence measurements.

Materials Research Express , 5 8 , Fast photorefractive response in polymeric composites enabled by the control of chromophore free volume. Optics Letters , 43 14 , Size and shape effects on the band gap of semiconductor compound nanomaterials. Journal of Taibah University for Science , 12 4 , Mostafa Golshekan, Farhad Shirini. Research on Chemical Intermediates , 44 7 , Cancer biomarker determination by resonance energy transfer using functional fluorescent nanoprobes. Electrochimica Acta , , Shamraja S. Ahirrao, Sachin Adsare. Recent progress in nanostructured magnetic framework composites MFCs : Synthesis and applications.

Shikha Jindal, S. Jamshidi Zavaraki, J. Huang, Y. Ji, H. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy , 10 4 , Muhammad Arshad Kamran. Nanotechnology , 29 26 , Small Methods , 2 6 , First principles study of trirutile magnesium bismuth oxide: Ideal bandgap for photovoltaics, strain-mediated band-inversion and semiconductor-to-semimetal transition.

Computational Materials Science , , Heterogeneous nanostructure array for electrochemical energy conversion and storage. Nano Today , 20 , Evaluation of chromosomal aberrations induced by Re-dendrimer nanosystem on B16f1 melanoma cells. International Journal of Radiation Biology , 94 7 , Iago Rodriguez Diez, Isaac J. Luxmoore, Geoffrey Nash, Anna Baldycheva, , ,. Visible light emitting waveguide on Si chip.

Sajid Babu, M. Abdul Khadar. Electrical properties of grain size tuned CdSe nanocrystal films for practical applications. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells , , Hoehn, Sabre Kais. Canonical Schottky barrier heights of transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers in contact with a metal. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 31 2 , Dispersion of quantum dots into gases toward their optical manipulation. Yossef E.

Panfil, Meirav Oded, Uri Banin. Angewandte Chemie , 16 , Angewandte Chemie International Edition , 57 16 , Advanced Science , 5 4 , Self-co-reactant and ion-annihilation electrogenerated chemiluminescence of carbon nanodots. Carbon , , Chandan H. R, Jessica D. Schiffman, R. Geetha Balakrishna.

Topics include

Quantum dots as fluorescent probes: Synthesis, surface chemistry, energy transfer mechanisms, and applications. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical , , Thin Solid Films , , Molecules , 23 4 , Nanomaterials , 8 4 , Advanced Materials , 30 11 , The effects of strain and vacancy defects on the electronic structure of Cr 2 O 3. Water-mediated green synthesis of PbS quantum dot and its glutathione and biotin conjugates for non-invasive live cell imaging. Royal Society Open Science , 5 3 , Yurk, L.

Maskaeva, V. Markov, E. Maraeva, V. Moshnikov, L. Inorganic Materials , 54 3 , Journal of the Korean Physical Society , 72 5 , Ray, Gobinda Gyawali, Ramesh P. Frontiers in Chemistry , 6 DOI: The variation of E g -shape dependence of NiO nanoparticles by the variation of annealing temperature.

Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing , 74 , Igor E. Uflyand, Gulzhian I. Thermolysis of Metal Chelates in Polymer Matrices. Tao-Tao Zhuang. Ebtesam E. Ateia, Seham K. Abdel-Aal, Asmaa Abd Allah. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics , 29 2 , Lin, B. Use of nanostructured materials in medical diagnostics. Keeping the spotlight on cytochrome P Journal of Hazardous Materials , , Filipe D.

Gorza, Graciela C. Alcaraz-Espinoza, Alicia E.

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Electrospun polystyrene- emeraldine base mats as high-performance materials for dye removal from aqueous media. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers , 82 , Bibha Boro, B. Gogoi, B. Rajbongshi, A. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews , 81 , Superlattices and Microstructures , , Temperature dependent excited state dynamics in dual emissive CdSe nano-tetrapods.

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics , 20 6 , Peptide-based nanoprobes for molecular imaging and disease diagnostics. Chemical Society Reviews , 47 10 , Self-assembled morphology of tripod nanoparticle solutions: the effect of arm length and hydrophobic ratio. An efficient electrode for simultaneous determination of guanine and adenine using nano-sized lead telluride with graphene. New Journal of Chemistry , 42 1 , Materials Chemistry Frontiers , 2 6 , Band-gap engineering of BiOCl with oxygen vacancies for efficient photooxidation properties under visible-light irradiation.

Journal of Materials Chemistry A , 6 5 , Mendes, Daniela Nunes, Maria J. Multifunctional cellulose-paper for light harvesting and smart sensing applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry C , 6 13 , Mechanistic investigation of the sulfur precursor evolution in the synthesis of highly photoluminescent Cd 0. Ultralow-fluence single-shot optical crystalline-to-amorphous phase transition in Ge—Sb—Te nanoparticles. Nanoscale , 21 DOI: Carrier-doping as a tool to probe the electronic structure and multi-carrier recombination dynamics in heterostructured colloidal nanocrystals.

Chemical Science , DOI: Surface stoichiometry manipulation enhances solar hydrogen evolution of CdSe quantum dots. Journal of Materials Chemistry A , 6 14 , ChemSusChem , 10 24 , Neha Arora, Deepika P. Band gap dependence of semiconducting nano-wires on cross-sectional shape and size. Indian Journal of Physics , 91 12 , Ruwini D. Rajapaksha, Mahinda I. Xiuli Wang, Can Li.

Interfacial charge transfer in semiconductor-molecular photocatalyst systems for proton reduction. Mach, Zhen Cheng, Joseph C. In vivo biodistribution and toxicity of intravesical administration of quantum dots for optical molecular imaging of bladder cancer. Scientific Reports , 7 1 DOI: Nanotechnology , 28 47 , Boronic acid-based chemical sensors for saccharides. Carbohydrate Research , , Aditya P. Saxena, Ravi P. Srivastava, Sarang Ingole.

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Effects of alloying on band gap and morphology of iron pyrite nanoparticles. Materials Letters , , Namig Hasanov. Advanced Functional Materials , 27 39 , Heterostructures containing dichalcogenides-new materials with predictable nanoarchitectures and novel emergent properties. Semiconductor Science and Technology , 32 9 , Advanced Materials , 29 32 , Naifar, N. Zeiri, S. Abdi-Ben Nasrallah, M. Ananthakumar, J.

Ram Kumar, S. Moorthy Babu. Current status. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing , 67 , Arfaoui, M. Mahdouani, R. Physica B: Condensed Matter , , Rapid and solvent-free solid-state synthesis and characterization of Zn 3 V 2 O 8 nanostructures and their phenol red aqueous solution photodegradation.

Solid State Sciences , 70 , Srinivasan Natarajan, Mr. Ajay Kumar Jana. Ritu Raj, Surajit Das. Development and application of anticancer fluorescent CdS nanoparticles enriched Lactobacillus bacteria as therapeutic microbots for human breast carcinoma. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology , 13 , Band structure engineering strategies of metal oxide semiconductor nanowires and related nanostructures: A review. Semiconductor Science and Technology , 32 7 , ChemPhotoChem , 1 6 , Charlene R. Matos, Helio O. Souza, Tiago B. Santana, Luan P. Candido, Frederico G. Cunha, Eliana M. Sussuchi, Iara F.

Cd1-xMgxTe semiconductor nanocrystal alloys: Synthesis, preparation of nanocomposites with graphene-based materials, and electrochemical detection of lidocaine and epinephrine. Microchimica Acta , 6 , Khalil J. Hamam, Mohammed I. Applied Nanoscience , 7 5 , Chemical synthesis of nanoparticles of nickel telluride and cobalt telluride and its electrochemical applications for determination of uric acid and adenine.

Effect of lattice strain on nanomaterials in energy applications: A perspective on experiment and theory.


International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , 42 25 , Universal behavior of electron g -factors in semiconductor nanostructures. Amphiphilic self-assembly of semiconductor nanocrystals with heterogeneous compositions. EPL Europhysics Letters , 6 , Optical determination of crystal phase in semiconductor nanocrystals. Nature Communications , 8 , Liang, P. Chen, D. Zhao, D. Jiang, Z. Liu, J. Zhu, J. Yang, W. Liu, X. Li, S. Liu, H. Yang, L. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Zhang, G.

Materials Technology , 32 6 , Advanced Optical Materials , 5 9 , Phase- and size-controllable synthesis with efficient photocatalytic activity of ZnS nanoparticles. Journal of Materials Science , 52 10 , Stelmakh, K. Skrobas, S. Gierlotka, B. Effect of the surface on the internal structure of CdSe crystal lattice based on molecular dynamics simulations. Narendra M. Factors affecting the efficiency of a water splitting photocatalyst: A perspective.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews , 71 , Allen, Luc Beaulieu. Preliminary investigation of a luminescent colloidal quantum dots-based liquid scintillator.

Excitation Wavelength-Dependent Photoluminescence Decay of Hybrid Gold/Quantum Dot Nanostructures

Journal of Physics: Conference Series , , Interrogating surface state of isolated and agglomerated PbS quantum dots with solvent-induced stress. Nanotechnology , 28 16 , Small , 13 13 , Jordan Brooks, Daniel D. Optimization of conditions for cadmium selenide quantum dot biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology , 7 , Shreya Goel, Christopher G.

England, Feng Chen, Weibo Cai. Positron emission tomography and nanotechnology: A dynamic duo for cancer theranostics. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews , , Benjamin M. Luby, Danielle M. Charron, Christina M. MacLaughlin, Gang Zheng. Activatable fluorescence: From small molecule to nanoparticle. Bor Fuh. Multifunctional nanoparticles for protein detections in thin channels. Biosensors and Bioelectronics , 90 , Chockalingam Karunakaran, Pazhamalai Vinayagamoorthy.

Catalysis Today , , Aubrey E. Kusi-Appiah, Melanie L. Mastronardi, Chenxi Qian, Kenneth K. Ozin, Steven Lenhert. Enhanced cellular uptake of size-separated lipophilic silicon nanoparticles. Scientific Reports , 7 , Angewandte Chemie , 11 , Angewandte Chemie International Edition , 56 11 , Ramachari, D.

Esparza, T. Romero, L. Perez-Mayen, E. De la Rosa, C. Semiconductor, molecular and hybrid systems for photoelectrochemical solar fuel production. Journal of Energy Chemistry , 26 2 , Hendi, M. Al-Kuhaili, S. Durrani, M. Faiz, A. Ul-Hamid, A. Qurashi, I. Modulation of the band gap of tungsten oxide thin films through mixing with cadmium telluride towards photovoltaic applications. Materials Research Bulletin , 87 , Phosphine-free synthesis of high-quality CdTe quantum dots: The combination of TeO2-dodecanethiol and oleylamine as Te precursor. Parvin S. Tamboli, M. Rajendra Prasad, Vishal S.

Kadam, Rajiv S. Vhatkar, Inamuddin, Habib M. Pathan, Smita S. Materials Science Forum , , Siam Uddin, Pulak C. Advanced Materials , 29 8 , Quantum dots sensitization for photoelectrochemical generation of hydrogen: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews , 68 , Therapeutic nanomedicine surmounts the limitations of pharmacotherapy. Open Medicine , 12 1 DOI: Daniel Mourad. Structure-related optical fingerprints in the absorption spectra of colloidal quantum dots: Random alloy vs. Journal of Applied Physics , 1 , Graphene Quantum Dots.

Jian Zhu, Mark C. Assembly and Electronic Applications of Colloidal Nanomaterials. Advanced Materials , 29 4 , Mark E. Sanjay Gopal Ullattil, Pradeepan Periyat. Sol-Gel Synthesis of Titanium Dioxide. Swati Naik, Gabriel Caruntu. Assemblies and Superstructures of Inorganic Colloidal Nanocrystals. Andrew B. Greytak, Rui Tan, Stephen K. Mohammed A.

Gondal, Chang Xiaofeng, Mohamed A. Introduction to Bismuth Oxyhalides. Ananthakumar, S. Journal of Electronic Materials , 46 1 , Kunal Mondal, Pallabi Moitra. Metal-semiconductor core—shell nanostructured photocatalysts for environmental applications and their recycling process. Neela Mohan, V. Renuga, A. Journal of Alloys and Compounds , ,, Nanotheranostic approaches for management of bloodstream bacterial infections.

Nano-science And Nano-Technology (Quantum Well, Quantum Wire, Quantum Dot)

Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine , 13 1 , Chemical Communications , 53 6 , Yusoff, Rajan Jose. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics , 19 1 , Roles of the methyl and methylene groups of mercapto acids in the photoluminescence efficiency and carrier trapping dynamics of CdTe QDs. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics , 19 2 , Cassette, S. Pedetti, B. Mahler, S. Ithurria, B. Dubertret, G. Ultrafast exciton dynamics in 2D in-plane hetero-nanostructures: delocalization and charge transfer. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics , 19 12 , Sandeep Kumar, R.

Parthasarathy, Aadesh P. An inorganic—organic hybrid crystal with a two-step dielectric response and thermochromic luminescence. Dalton Transactions , 46 7 , Bazylinski, Clayton Jeffryes. Algae-mediated biosynthesis of inorganic nanomaterials as a promising route in nanobiotechnology — a review. Green Chem. Iron antimonate quantum dots exhibiting tunable visible light emission. New Journal of Chemistry , 41 4 , Lu, L.

Su, Y. Chen, Y. Song, S. A novel TiO 2 nanostructure as photoanode for highly efficient CdSe quantum dot-sensitized solar cells. RSC Advances , 7 16 , Journal of Materials Chemistry C , 5 8 , Assembling metallic 1T-MoS 2 nanosheets with inorganic-ligand stabilized quantum dots for exceptional solar hydrogen evolution. Chemical Communications , 53 41 , Facile synthesis of highly crystalline ZnO nanorods with controlled aspect ratios and their optical properties. CrystEngComm , 19 11 , Sandeep Verma, Hirendra N. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics , 19 36 , Long-lived luminescence of silicon nanocrystals: from principles to applications.

Physicists discover how fundamental particles lose track of quantum mechanical properties

Manoj Verma, M. Boazbou Newmai, P. Senthil Kumar. Dalton Transactions , 46 29 , Dan Li, Zhefeng Fan. Phosphorescence detection of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole in environmental water samples by Mn-doped ZnS quantum dots. New Journal of Chemistry , 41 12 , New Journal of Chemistry , 41 13 , Roles of nitrogen functionalities in enhancing the excitation-independent green-color photoluminescence of graphene oxide dots.

Nanoscale , 9 24 , An efficient charge separation and photocurrent generation in the carbon dot—zinc oxide nanoparticle composite. Nanoscale , 9 20 , Margaret Chern, Thuy T. Nguyen, Andrew H. Mahler, Allison M. Shell thickness effects on quantum dot brightness and energy transfer. Nanoscale , 9 42 , Nanoscale , 9 34 , Muhoberac, Rajesh Sardar, Mangilal Agarwal. Elucidating the role of surface passivating ligand structural parameters in hole wave function delocalization in semiconductor cluster molecules.

Nanoscale , 9 37 , Antanovich, A. Achtstein, A. Matsukovich, A. Prudnikau, P. Bhaskar, V. Gurin, M. Molinari, M. A strain-induced exciton transition energy shift in CdSe nanoplatelets: the impact of an organic ligand shell. Nanoscale , 9 45 , Homoepitaxial growth on semiconductor nanocrystals for efficient and stable visible-light photocatalytic hydrogen evolution.

Zinc dopant inspired enhancement of electron injection for CuInS 2 quantum dot-sensitized solar cells. RSC Advances , 7 63 , Journal of Materials Chemistry A , 5 21 , Advancements in infrared imaging platforms: complementary imaging systems and contrast agents. Journal of Materials Chemistry B , 5 23 , Journal of Materials Chemistry B , ,, B , 5 41 , Sayantan Chatterjee, Uday Maitra. Journal of Materials Chemistry C , 5 20 , Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan , 50 10 , Analytical Sciences , 33 3 , Electrochemistry , 85 9 , Role of phosphine free solvents in structural and morphological properties of CuInSe2 nanoparticles.

Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics , 27 12 , Photocatalytic hydrogen evolution based on mercaptopropionic acid stabilized CdS and CdTeS quantum dots. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , 41 45 , Determination of ascorbic acid using CdTe quantum dots immobilized on eggshell membrane surface as a turn-on fluorescence probe.

Chinnaiyah Sripan, R. Ganesan, Ramakanta Naik, A. Kasi Viswanath. Characterization of thermally evaporated CZTSe thin films used by compositionally controlled alloys. Optical Materials , 62 , Miranda N. Hurst, Robert K. Scientific Reports , 6 1 DOI: Omer Yehezkeli, Nicholas M. ChemSusChem , 9 22 , Surface-dominated negative photoresponse of phosphorus-doped ZnSe nanowires and their detecting performance. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics , 27 11 , Bashir, Kashif Ali, A. Sarfraz, Imran M. Room temperature synthesis and multiferroic response of Li co-doped Zn, Co O nanocrystallites.

Journal of Catalysis , , Mildred A. Ntholeng, Francis Otieno, Makwena J. Greenshields, Ivo A. Colloidal InSe nanostructures: Effect of morphology on their chemical sensitivity to methanol and formaldehyde fumes. Jong-Sik Moon, Tyler E. Stevens, Todd C. Monson, Dale L. Eduard Zenkevich, Christian von. Structural and Energetic Dynamics in Quantum Dot? Dye Nanoassemblies. A Temperature-Related Approach. Study on photo-induced charge transfer properties in CdS quantum-dot-sensitized mesoporous TiO2 photoelectrode. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics , 27 10 , Neves, J.

Correia, K. Hanada, L. Santos, R. Gunder, S. Minmin Han, Junhong Jia. Journal of Power Sources , , Uptake of silica covered Quantum Dots into living cells: Long term vitality and morphology study on hyaluronic acid biomaterials. Gg Stochastic analysis methods Fokker-Planck, Langevin, etc. Ln Monte Carlo methods Dd Kinetic theory Gg Classical ensemble theory Jj Statistical mechanics of classical fluids Ch Quantum ensemble theory Fk Fermion systems and electron gas Jp Boson systems Ca Noise Fb Random walks and Levy flights Jc Brownian motion Ac Low-dimensional chaos Df Fractals Mt Quantum chaos; semiclassical methods Tp Time series analysis Xt Synchronization; coupled oscillators Yv Solitons Gg Quantum transport Ce Thermodynamic functions and equations of state Fh Phase transitions: general studies Ln Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics Np Interface and surface thermodynamics Dk Measurement and error theory Fn Units and standards Jr Determination of fundamental constants Bp Spatial dimensions e.

Dr Mass and density Ft Time and frequency Jn High-speed techniques microsecond to femtosecond Bx Computer systems: hardware, operating systems, computer languages, and utilities Fb Design of experiments Hd Data acquisition: hardware and software Kf Data analysis: algorithms and implementation; data management Mh Neural networks, fuzzy logic, artificial intelligence Tp Computer modeling and simulation Wr Computer interfaces Df Sensors chemical, optical, electrical, movement, gas, etc.

Hj Display and recording equipment, oscilloscopes, TV cameras, etc. Mp Transducers Pz Instruments for strain, force, and torque Dt Thermometers Hy Furnaces; heaters Ka High-temperature instrumentation; pyrometers Mc Cryogenics; refrigerators, low-temperature detectors, and other low-temperature equipment Pe Heat engines; heat pumps; heat pipes Cy Vacuum pumps Ek Circuits and circuit components Db Generation of magnetic fields; magnets Ge Magnetometers for magnetic field measurements Kp Bolometers; infrared, submillimeter wave, microwave, and radiowave receivers and detectors Pt Submillimeter wave, microwave and radiowave spectrometers; magnetic resonance spectrometers, auxiliary equipment, and techniques Ty Infrared spectrometers, auxiliary equipment, and techniques Dq Photometers, radiometers, and colorimeters Hv Refractometers and reflectometers Ly Interferometers Pb Conventional optical microscopes Rd Visible and ultraviolet spectrometers Vg Fiber-optic instruments Gx Atomic and molecular beam sources and detectors Ka Charged-particle beam sources and detectors Cz Scanning tunneling microscopes Fc Near-field scanning optical microscopes Tt X-ray microscopes Cd Axiomatic approach Ef Lagrangian and Hamiltonian approach Gh Renormalization Hi Renormalization group evolution of parameters Jj Asymptotic problems and properties Kk Field theories in dimensions other than four Lm Nonlinear or nonlocal theories and models St Bound and unstable states; Bethe-Salpeter equations Wx Finite-temperature field theory Bt General properties of perturbation theory Ex Spontaneous breaking of gauge symmetries Ha Lattice gauge theory Kc Classical and semiclassical techniques Pg Expansions for large numbers of components e.

Yc Chern-Simons gauge theory Db Properties of perturbation theory Hf Conformal field theory, algebraic structures Mj Compactification and four-dimensional models Wx String and brane phenomenology Er Charge conjugation, parity, time reversal, and other discrete symmetries Fs Global symmetries e.

Ly Other internal and higher symmetries Na Nonlinear and dynamical symmetries spectrum-generating symmetries Pb Supersymmetry Qc Spontaneous and radiative symmetry breaking Rd Chiral symmetries Ex Formal properties of current algebras Ha Partially conserved axial-vector currents Bq Analytic properties of S matrix Fv Dispersion relations Hx Sum rules Jy Regge formalism Cr Kinematical properties helicity and invariant amplitudes, kinematic singularities, etc.

Et Partial-wave analysis Jy Many-body scattering and Faddeev equation Dm Unified theories and models of strong and electroweak interactions Kt Unification of couplings; mass relations Ff Quark and lepton masses and mixing Lk Electroweak radiative corrections Mm Neutral currents Ds Specific calculations Fv Experimental tests Aw General properties of QCD dynamics, confinement, etc.

Bx Perturbative calculations Gc Lattice QCD calculations Mh Quark-gluon plasma Qk Experimental tests Ba Bag model Dc Skyrmions Fe Chiral Lagrangians Jh Nonrelativistic quark model Pn Potential models Ee Statistical models Yx Hadron mass models and calculations Eb Decays of K mesons He Decays of bottom mesons Jf Decays of other mesons Es Decays of K mesons Ft Decays of charmed mesons Hw Decays of bottom mesons Jx Decays of other mesons Ce Leptonic, semileptonic, and radiative decays Eg Hadronic decays Bv Decays of muons Em Electric and magnetic moments Gp Electromagnetic form factors Hq Electromagnetic decays Ks Electromagnetic corrections to strong- and weak-interaction processes Fz Elastic and Compton scattering Hb Total and inclusive cross sections including deep-inelastic processes Le Meson production Rj Baryon production Cs Nucleon-nucleon interactions Ev Hyperon-nucleon interactions Gx Pion-baryon interactions Jz Kaon-baryon interactions Lb Meson-meson interactions Dz Elastic scattering Fb Inelastic scattering: two-particle final states Hd Inelastic scattering: many-particle final states Lg Total cross sections Ni Inclusive production with identified hadrons Qk Inclusive production with identified leptons, photons, or other nonhadronic particles Tp Cosmic-ray interactions Ce Production Dh Protons and neutrons Jn Hyperons Pt Exotic baryons Aq pi, K , and eta mesons Ev Other strange mesons Cd Electrons including positrons Ef Muons Fg Taus Lm Ordinary neutrinos Pq Neutrino mass and mixing St Non-standard-model neutrinos, right-handed neutrinos, etc.

Dw Charmed quarks Fy Bottom quarks Ha Top quarks Bh Photons Dj Gluons Fm W bosons Hp Z bosons Cp Non-standard-model Higgs bosons Hv Magnetic monopoles Ly Supersymmetric partners of known particles Mz Axions and other Nambu-Goldstone bosons Majorons, familons, etc. Nb Neutralinos and charginos Dr Binding energies and masses Ft Charge distribution Gv Nucleon distributions and halo features Hw Spin, parity, and isobaric spin Jx Spectroscopic factors and asymptotic normalization coefficients Ky Electromagnetic moments Ma Level density Pc Single-particle levels and strength functions Re Collective levels Tg Lifetimes, widths Fe Forces in hadronic systems and effective interactions Cs Shell model Ev Collective models Fw Models based on group theory Gx Cluster models En Angular distribution and correlation measurements Js Multipole matrix elements Nx Internal conversion and extranuclear effects including Auger electrons and internal bremsstrahlung Bw Weak-interaction and lepton Hc Relation with nuclear matrix elements and nuclear structure Cn Many-body theory Ht Optical and diffraction models Nz Hydrodynamic models Pa Thermal and statistical models Cz Giant resonances Dr Statistical compound-nucleus reactions Ky Fluctuation phenomena Dc Photon absorption and scattering Dh Inelastic electron scattering to specific states Mr Muon-induced reactions including the EMC effect Cm Elastic proton scattering Dn Elastic neutron scattering Ep Inelastic proton scattering Fq Inelastic neutron scattering Hs Transfer reactions Kv Charge-exchange reactions Lw Radiative capture De Elastic and inelastic scattering Hi Transfer reactions Kk Charge-exchange reactions Ci Elastic and inelastic scattering Pj Fusion reactions De Coulomb excitation Nq Quark deconfinement, quark-gluon plasma production, and phase transitions Dj Pion elastic scattering Gn Pion charge-exchange reactions Hp Pion-induced reactions Nv Kaon-induced reactions Ca Spontaneous fission Ec Neutron-induced fission Ge Charged-particle-induced fission Jg Photofission Cz Neutron scattering Gd Neutron transport: diffusion and moderation Ak Theory, design, and computerized simulation Bm Fuel elements, preparation, reloading, and reprocessing Kw Radioactive wastes, waste disposal My Reactor control systems Pa Moderators Te Protection systems, safety, radiation monitoring, accidents, and dismantling Dr Research reactors Ft Fast and breeder reactors Av Theory, design, and computerized simulation Cx Fueling, heating and ignition Dh Storage rings Fj Betatrons Hm Cyclotrons Lq Synchrotrons Bx Electron sources Dz Neutron sources Ni Ion sources: positive and negative Rm Sources of radioactive nuclei Ac Beam injection and extraction Bd Beam dynamics; collective effects and instabilities Fh Beam characteristics Hj Polarized beams Hs Neutron spectroscopy Cs Gas-filled counters: ionization chambers, proportional, and avalanche counters Gx Tracking and position-sensitive detectors Ka Cherenkov detectors Mc Scintillation detectors Rg Nuclear emulsions Vj Calorimeters Wk Solid-state detectors Gy Semiclassical methods Hz Group theory Md Perturbation theory Ne Self-consistent-field methods Jf Electron correlation calculations for atoms and ions: excited states Qm Electron correlation calculations for polyatomic molecules Gs Hyperfine interactions and isotope effects Jv Relativistic and quantum electrodynamic effects in atoms and molecules Ks Molecular solids Bi Atomic masses, mass spectra, abundances, and isotopes Dk Electric and magnetic moments, polarizabilities Fn Fine and hyperfine structure Hq Ionization potentials, electron affinities Bv Radio-frequency, microwave, and infrared spectra Dx Magnetic resonance spectra Jc Visible and ultraviolet spectra Rj X-ray spectra Cs Oscillator strengths, lifetimes, transition moments Fw Absolute and relative intensities Jz Line shapes, widths, and shifts Bx Level crossing and optical pumping Cy Atomic scattering, cross sections, and form factors; Compton scattering Dz Autoionization Fb Photoionization of atoms and ions Gc Photodetachment of atomic negative ions Hd Auger effect Pj Optical cooling of atoms; trapping Qk Coherent control of atomic interactions with photons Rm Multiphoton ionization and excitation to highly excited states Wr Other multiphoton processes Ys Weak-interaction effects in atoms Bh General molecular conformation and symmetry; stereochemistry Dj Interatomic distances and angles Fm Bond strengths, dissociation energies Hp Barrier heights internal rotation, inversion, rotational isomerism, conformational dynamics Kr Electric and magnetic moments and derivatives , polarizability, and magnetic susceptibility Mt Rotation, vibration, and vibration-rotation constants Pw Fine and hyperfine structure Ry Ionization potentials, electron affinities, molecular core binding energy Ta Mass spectra J- Ultrafast spectroscopy Bx Radio-frequency and microwave spectra Ea Infrared spectra Fb Raman and Rayleigh spectra including optical scattering Lg Ultraviolet spectra Ni Vacuum ultraviolet spectra Sn Rotational analysis Tp Vibrational analysis Vq Vibration-rotation analysis Wr Vibronic, rovibronic, and rotation-electron-spin interactions Dq Fluorescence and phosphorescence spectra Hv Radiationless transitions, quenching Be Zeeman and Stark effects Fy X-ray photoelectron spectra Ca Oscillator and band strengths, lifetimes, transition moments, and Franck-Condon factors Fd Absolute and relative line and band intensities Jg Line and band widths, shapes, and shifts Be Level crossing and optical pumping Eh Autoionization, photoionization, and photodetachment Gj Diffuse spectra; predissociation, photodissociation Rv Multiphoton ionization and excitation to highly excited states e.

Wz Other multiphoton processes Gj Intermolecular and atom-molecule potentials and forces Bw Energy loss and stopping power Dy Interactions of atoms and molecules with surfaces; photon and electron emission; neutralization of ions Fa Electronic excitation and ionization of atoms including beam-foil excitation and ionization Gb Electronic excitation and ionization of molecules Lf Chemical reactions Bm Elastic scattering Dp Atomic excitation and ionization Gs Molecular excitation and ionization Ht Dissociation and dissociative attachment Lx Recombination, attachment, and positronium formation Nz Spin dependence of cross sections; polarized beam experiments Dr Positronium Gv Mesonic, hyperonic and antiprotonic atoms and molecules Ey Conformation statistics and dynamics Fz Constitution chains and sequences Hb Configuration bonds, dimensions Ng Vibrational and rotational structure, infrared and Raman spectra Ei Phase transitions in clusters Gk Plasma and collective effects in clusters Mr Spectroscopy and geometrical structure of clusters Sx Diffusion and dynamics of clusters Vz Optical properties of clusters De Atom cooling methods Ty Ion trapping Cv Electrostatics; Poisson and Laplace equations, boundary-value problems Gz Magnetostatics; magnetic shielding, magnetic induction, boundary-value problems Jb Electromagnetic wave propagation; radiowave propagation Ap Synchrotron radiation Bq Cherenkov radiation Cr Free-electron lasers Ak Positive-ion beams Fr Electron and positron beams Ht Relativistic electron and positron beams Jv Laser-driven acceleration Ct Particle beam shaping, beam splitting Gy Chromatic and geometrical aberrations Lc Particle beam focusing and bending magnets, wiggler magnets, and quadrupoles Dp Wave fronts and ray tracing Fr Aberrations Bs Wave propagation, transmission and absorption Dd Wave propagation in random media Fx Diffraction and scattering Gy Edge and boundary effects; reflection and refraction Hz Interference Ja Polarization Kb Coherence Lc Birefringence Kq Fourier optics Lr Modulation and optical transfer functions Rx Phase retrieval Va Image forming and processing Wb Image reconstruction; tomography Eq Holographic optical elements; holographic gratings Ht Hologram recording and readout methods Kw Holographic interferometry; other holographic techniques Lx Diffraction efficiency, resolution, and other hologram characteristics My Applications Pa Volume holograms Ar Photon statistics and coherence theory Ct Quantum description of interaction of light and matter; related experiments Dv Quantum state engineering and measurements Ex Optical implementations of quantum information processing and transfer Fx Cooperative phenomena in quantum optical systems Gy Effects of atomic coherence on propagation, absorption, and amplification of light; electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption Hz Strong-field excitation of optical transitions in quantum systems; multiphoton processes; dynamic Stark shift Lc Quantum fluctuations, quantum noise, and quantum jumps Md Optical transient phenomena: quantum beats, photon echo, free-induction decay, dephasings and revivals, optical nutation, and self-induced transparency Nn Quantum optical phenomena in absorbing, amplifying, dispersive and conducting media; cooperative phenomena in quantum optical systems Pq Cavity quantum electrodynamics; micromasers Wk Mechanical effects of light on material media, microstructures and particles Ah General laser theory Ks Chemical lasers Lt Gas lasers including excimer and metal-vapor lasers Mv Dye lasers Px Semiconductor lasers; laser diodes Rz Doped-insulator lasers and other solid state lasers Wd Fiber lasers Ye Raman lasers By Design of specific laser systems Da Resonators, cavities, amplifiers, arrays, and rings Fc Modulation, tuning, and mode locking Gd Q-switching Jf Beam characteristics: profile, intensity, and power; spatial pattern formation Lh Efficiency, stability, gain, and other operational parameters Mi Dynamical laser instabilities; noisy laser behavior Pk Continuous operation Rn Relaxation oscillations and long pulse operation Be Biological and medical applications Cf Industrial applications Eh Metrological applications; optical frequency synthesizers for precision spectroscopy Fi Laser spectroscopy An Optical susceptibility, hyperpolarizability Es Stimulated Brillouin and Rayleigh scattering Hw Phase conjugation; photorefractive and Kerr effects Jx Beam trapping, self-focusing and defocusing; self-phase modulation Ky Frequency conversion; harmonic generation, including higher-order harmonic generation Lm Parametric down conversion and production of entangled photons Pc Optical bistability, multistability, and switching, including local field effects Re Ultrafast processes; optical pulse generation and pulse compression Sf Dynamics of nonlinear optical systems; optical instabilities, optical chaos and complexity, and optical spatio-temporal dynamics Tg Optical solitons; nonlinear guided waves Wi Nonlinear waveguides Yj Optical parametric oscillators and amplifiers Ct Anatomy and optics of eye Ay Propagation, transmission, attenuation, and radiative transfer Bz Atmospheric turbulence effects Ca Spectral absorption by atmospheric gases Jg Effects of aerosols Kh Effects of air pollution Mj Scattering, polarization Xy Ocean optics Ce Glasses, quartz Df Liquid crystals Hj Laser materials Jk Polymers and organics Ln Holographic recording materials; optical storage media Mp Nonlinear optical crystals Nq Other nonlinear optical materials; photorefractive and semiconductor materials Qs Photonic bandgap materials Bj Visible and ultraviolet sources Ag Apertures, collimators Bh Lenses, prisms and mirrors Ci Filters, zone plates, and polarizers Dj Gratings Fm Reflectors, beam splitters, and deflectors Gn Optical waveguides and couplers Hp Optical processors, correlators, and modulators Jq Acousto-optical devices Kr Display devices, liquid-crystal devices Ls Scanners, image intensifiers, and image converters Pw Imaging detectors and sensors Sz Optical communication systems, multiplexers, and demultiplexers Wc Optical coatings Bm Fabrication, cladding, and splicing Dp Propagation, scattering, and losses; solitons Gs Birefringence, polarization Pa Sensors, gyros Qb Fiber waveguides, couplers, and arrays Wg Other fiber-optical devices Cr Fabrication techniques; lithography, pattern transfer Et Waveguides, couplers, and arrays Gw Other integrated-optical elements and systems Ce Conferences, lectures, and announcements Df Other acoustical societies and their publications, online journals, and other electronic publications Eg Biographical, historical, and personal notes Sv Education in acoustics, tutorial papers of interest to acoustics educators Bi Mathematical theory of wave propagation Dk Ray acoustics El Reflection, refraction, diffraction of acoustic waves Fn Scattering of acoustic waves Rz Steady-state radiation from sources, impedance, radiation patterns, boundary element methods Dc Nonlinear acoustics of solids Ed Effect of nonlinearity on velocity and attenuation Hg Interaction of intense sound waves with noise Nm Acoustic streaming Vt Intense sound sources Yw Nonlinear acoustics of bubbly liquids Bj Mechanisms affecting sound propagation in air, sound speed in the air Mw Shock and blast waves, sonic boom Py Interaction of fluid motion and sound, Doppler effect, and sound in flow ducts Jx Radiation from objects vibrating under water, acoustic and mechanical impedance Bf Ultrasonic velocity, dispersion, scattering, diffraction, and attenuation in liquids, liquid crystals, suspensions, and emulsions Cg Ultrasonic velocity, dispersion, scattering, diffraction, and attenuation in solids; elastic constants Pt Surface waves in solids and liquids Rw Magnetoacoustic effect; oscillations and resonance Sx Acoustooptical effects, optoacoustics, acoustical visualization, acoustical microscopy, and acoustical holography Ud Thermoacoustics, high temperature acoustics, photoacoustic effect Xd Nuclear acoustical resonance, acoustical magnetic resonance Yb Ultrasonic instrumentation and measurement techniques Zc Use of ultrasonics in nondestructive testing, industrial processes, and industrial products Ja Loudspeakers and horns, practical sound sources Kb Microphones and their calibration Zp Acoustooptic and photoacoustic transducers Dt Sound absorption in enclosures: theory and measurement; use of absorption in offices, commercial and domestic spaces Kr Spectrum and frequency analyzers and filters; acoustical and electrical oscillographs; photoacoustic spectrometers; acoustical delay lines and resonators Ls Acoustical lenses and microscopes Vx Acoustic sensing and acquisition Lj Perceptual effects of sound Cc Rigid body and gyroscope motion Pk Celestial mechanics Tn Collisions Ff Resonance, damping, and dynamic stability