Taken sometime before by an unknown photographer. According to the historian Thucydides, writing in the fifth century BC, it was the Cretan king Minos who built the first navy and dominated the known world to the ancient Greeks, this meant the Aegean.
Minos was the son of the god Zeus and Europa, the mortal daughter of the king of Tyre, in Phoenicia. Zeus was dazzled by her beauty and, for reasons best known only to himself, decided to appear before her in the guise of a snow-white bull.
Unlikely as it may seem, the plan worked. Europa was tantalized by his enormous dewlaps and his gentle demeanour and began to play with him, decorating his horns with garlands of flowers.
She even took to climbing on his back and riding him, but one day he suddenly plunged into the sea and swam away with her. He swam all of the way to Crete and, upon coming ashore, changed himself into an eagle and raped her. The myth is widely believed to have developed around the seizure of the island by Mycenaean Greeks from the mainland in the 15th century BC and the triumph of the patriarchal sky god over the local mother goddess.
But the cult of Zeus, the young god of the sprouting grain, was already ancient on the island long before the Greeks arrived on the scene as was the cult of the bull. The bull represented untamed nature against which mankind forever struggled.
This ancient fertility religion had dominated the Eastern Mediterranean for thousands of years, ever since the Neolithic. As far as the Greeks were concerned, many of their gods and goddesses and much of their cult practice originated in the east, hence the connection with Lebanon and the Phoenicians. Europa gave birth to three sons by Zeus—Minos, Rhadamanthys and Sarpedon—and, when he eventually abandoned her, she married Asterion, the king of the island. Their marriage was childless, however, and he adopted the boys as his own.
After his death, he was succeeded by Minos who, with the help of Poseidon, gained control of the island. However, the king tried to cheat the god of his agreed reward, the sacrifice of a snowy white bull, and substituted a lesser animal from his own herd. She begged Daedalus, the legendary craftsman, to help her satisfy her passion.
So he built a wooden cow, hollow with leather upholstery inside, so that the queen might lie inside and await her lover. Daedalus is shown right in a fresco from Pompeii, presenting it to her. The result of their unnatural union was the Minotaur, half man and half bull, whom Minos ordered hidden, along with his mother, at the centre of a maze beneath his palace at Knossos.
When Androgeos was killed by the Athenians, Minos went to war to avenge his death. He defeated the Athenians and extracted a tribute of seven youths and seven maidens who were sent to Knossos every nine years to be fed to the Minotaur. It was done by T. Lawrence and, yes, that translation was done by the Lawrence of Arabia.
Good introductory book on the subject. Fifty pages of diagrams, text, and color photographs. Well packaged and timely delivery.
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Audible Download Audio Books. DPReview Digital Photography. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Top edges gilt. Three volumes with back pockets for holding plans. Volume I with previous owner's signature on front pastedown. Jackets with only minor edgewear.
Volumes with small amount of rubbing. Some very minor foxing, mainly to fore-edges and endpapers. Index later, bound to style in blue buckram, stamped and lettered in gilt. Overall a Near Fine set of this important documentation. Folloiwing Evans' inheritance of an estate in Kephala in , he set out to explore the classical Knossos, where Mycenean remains had been discovered in The first season revealed an elaborate palace of the late Bronze Age, with many clay tablets inscribed in the linear script already detected, superimposed on earlier buildings with Kamarais pottery, brilliant frescoes, and imported Egyptian and Babylonian objects.