His stand on the main issues confronting the Congress also demonstrated his party affiliation.
He supported Rutherford B. Hayes over Samuel J. Tilden in the disputed presidential election of , which was decided by Congress; he favored a third term for Ulysses S. Grant, whom he avidly supported; and he opposed the resumption of specie payments. After serving one term in the House , Hyman failed to obtain his party's nomination in This was due in part to his limited participation in Congress, an unwillingness of white Republicans to support him, a factional split among the African Americans in the Black Second, and the old accusations of fraud and corruption that still haunted him from his days in the state senate.
In private life, Hyman worked as a farmer and ran a combination liquor-grocery store in Warrenton. In he began to mortgage his real estate , and by he had disposed of all his land. Undoubtedly, campaign expenses contributed to his financial reverses, but his extravagances in the nation's capital were his undoing.
He was constantly in debt. In , Hyman was accused of using funds from the treasury of the Negro Methodist Church in Warrenton. Shortly afterwards, he left Warrenton for Washington, D. He remained an employee of the Post Office Department until , when he obtained a minor position in the Agriculture Department. Hyman spent his last years in Washington, D.
These crucial documents often take the form of Presidential actions such as executive orders. His son, Donald Payne Jr. Jemison AF 5. First African American to serve in Congress from Maryland. Landmarks in African American history by Michael V.
He was survived by his widow, two sons, and two daughters. Benjamin Perley Poore, comp. Washington, D. Government Printing Office, Reid, George W. Wellman, Manly Wade. The county of Warren Middleton, Stephen, ed.
Black congressmen during reconstruction. Westport, Conn. Black Americans in Congress, — If you would like a reply by email, please note thats some email servers are blocked from accepting messages from outside email servers or domains. These often include student email addresses from public school email accounts. If you prefer not to leave an email address, check back at your NCpedia comment for a reply. Please allow one business day for replies from NCpedia.
Skip to main content. Hyman, John Adams by Joseph E. With the support of the black Republican vote, Colquitt defeated his Democratic opponent, Thomas Norwood. The Republican Party had failed to offer its own candidate. Thus, Long successfully demonstrated that the black vote could be significant when whites were divided. By , however, African Americans had lost nearly all their power in the Republican Party and were no longer influential in state politics.
Disillusioned, Long retreated from politics. He lived out the rest of his life as a private citizen, operating several businesses, including the first dry-cleaning establishment in Macon. He was not a rich man, but he owned property and managed to educate all six of his children.
What free time he had was spent in his library, book in hand. Long died from influenza on February 4, , and was buried in Macon's Linwood Cemetery. Long remained the only African American to represent Georgia in the House of Representatives until the election of Andrew Young in Hide Caption. Further Reading.
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