Sea levels are constantly on the rise, so it's not surprising that one of the contingency plans for humanity's survival is a floating city reminiscent of Hollywood film Waterworld. Sustainable, flood-proof, capable of withstanding mega storms, it is a city envisioned to adapt to the changing Earth.
According to a press release from BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group, the city would consist of 2-hectare modular neighborhoods capable of hosting self-sustaining populations of up to individuals. Within each neighborhood are spaces for living, working, and gathering with buildings not rising any higher than seven stories. These neighborhoods are linked together in clusters of six with a central harbor to make a village.
Six villages are then connected to form a complete city with a bigger protected harbor in the middle. Oceanix City can hold 10, residents. The various pieces of this futuristic Oceanix City can be prefabricated on land, then towed to their permanent location. For example, Bill Jeffery recent phenomena. In the Second World War the Japanese was told of the existence of an island Sepin in Yap state that dramatically changed the whole shape of the island of Etten for is now totally submerged c.
Nor should land creation intentionally sunk by Yapese to hide it from the first Europeans practices necessarily be read as colonially induced. Rainbird Spanish and Portuguese when they entered this area in 94, presents archaeological evidence not only of s. It is now an important part of the cosmology of Yap dramatic human transformation of the seascape but of and the Yap Historic Preservation Office wanted it surveyed, to practices of protection and maintenance of these coastal see if there were any habitation remains.
He writes that the first human settlers c. In Chuuk, foundations for the subsistence systems…This approach these include the underwater WWII wrecks in the Lagoon as to the landscape by the initial settlers would be responsible well as the terrestrial sites and structures associated with the for creating conditions of high sediment transport and the progradation of the shoreline onto the reef flats… 95 Atoll islands were purposefully cultivated into rich dwelling places, as evidenced by the fact that on typical atoll islands there is a central taro patch that has been developed, mulched and cared for over centuries Rainbird Rainbird notes that in Chuuk Lagoon, coastal transgression in some areas is clearly a recent phenomenon.
Of significance here is the archaeological evidence of past human resourcefulness in the face of life in a highly dynamic natural environment. However, much of the material remains of Assessment Report of Working Group II: WWII have been integrated into the domestic living spaces of Climate models are simplifications of very complex natural Chuukese landowners see for example Figure 4 and have also systems; they are severely limited in their ability to project become part of the play scapes of generations of Chuukese changes at small spatial scales, although they are children, leading to a complex entanglement of heritage values becoming increasingly reliable for identifying general trends.
In other words, heritage outputs of downscaled models with analyses from values, while referring to the past, are actually present and empirical research and observation undertaken in these future oriented. In the face of loss, cultural practices and places countries. McCarthy et al.
However, while it is the sense of factors may increase or decrease climate change impacts. Once produced, required. How people deal with climate change is dependent heritage values may be discarded or adopted, ignored or acted on their own cosmologies as well as their take-up and upon but, in and of themselves, they are resilient in the face of interpretation of global discourses.
It is also dependent on the dynamic transformation, decay, ruin or submergence due locally experienced historical, social, cultural and political to sea level rise of the heritage objects, places, land and contexts, including how people construct their relationships seascapes to which they refer. Thus, as a political tool for governance, cultural heritage can provide a valuable means for with others. One of the strategies that people used in the past to deal with land shortages and with extreme climatic events was to turn to Socio-cultural capital in the face of climate their kinship and exchange networks across the region.
In some parts these linkages Therefore, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change became institutionalised in terms of formal ceremonial IPCC reports and other literature on the human dimensions of exchange systems eg. Adger and Hughes et al. According to Hezel and By resilience, we mean the capacity of linked social- Lewin the explanation for this was primarily the seeking ecological systems to absorb recurrent disturbances such of employment.
They did not conceive of themselves as leaving as hurricanes or floods so as to retain essential structures, their home islands permanently. They maintained close social processes, and feedbacks. Resilience reflects the degree bonds through exchange with their kin so that they could return to which a complex adaptive system is capable of self- home if, and whenever they wanted: organisation versus lack of organization or organization Goods flow back and forth between the home islands and forced by external factors and the degree to which the the new communities as freely as people.
A few years ago, system can build capacity for learning and adaptation. Chuukese would send fish and pounded breadfruit to their Adger et al.
Chuukese on view they are not adequately informed by essential baseline Guam would also send back cartons of secondhand studies of actual social and cultural practices which actually clothes…Goods are exchanged between migrants and may not be all that systematic. It is particularly problematic their relatives back home just as they would be if all were when indigenous knowledge and heritage practices are living on the same island. Hezel recorded taxonomically and in a piecemeal fashion and used to As one of the Mortlock Island men we interviewed commented: evidence the existence of adaptive systems of governance and traditional management.
Local contexts are crucial, think I could survive out there.
So they have to stay out there and we send References them what we can. Adger, W. N, Hughes, T et al. Thus, the heritage practice of keeping exchange paths active might be considered an adaptive strategy in the face of climate Barnett, J. Because kinship relations and Barnett, J. Climatic Change There has been much recent anthropological research Barnett, J.
APN Project Ref: flows of people and goods, which is helpful in understanding the Final Activity Report. Such social flows are linked to heritage values of Canterbury, New Zealand. Otten, D. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. Byrne, D. In conclusion, while there is an increasing amount of research Connell, J. Geografiska global socio-economic and ecological impacts. But, how do Annaler 87B 4 : To understand this requires Greer, S. Wadell and E. Hardy, J.
Hezel, F. In Smith, Joel B.
Pittock, B. Collingwood, Vic. Acknowledgements Rainbird, P. In Barnett, Jon and Busse, Mark eds.
Final Activity Report, pp. Doropio Marar of the Historic Preservation Office. UK, Young, J. However, it is not only because of its reference to the potential apocalyptic effects of global warming that we chose the title, but also because the film concerns the conflict between different cosmologies, between those who believe and those who do not, in a mythical, imagined place called Dryland. In terms of the hegemonic cosmology of surviving humans, the world was created in a deluge and any other idea is treated as blasphemy.
Marriage was matrilocal. Land was mostly inherited matrilineally. But land tenure was complex. Claims could arise from living on land, cultivating it, having ancestors born or buried on it etc. People could have interest in many plots or trees in different locations.
Related Papers. By Bill Jeffery.