The present buildings date from the late 18th century but there has been a mill on the site since at least the late 16th century and possibly since Domesday. Other early industry around Ponders End was leather tanning — using oak bark, but had none of the longevity of the mill and became virtually extinct by the 18th century. A gas works opened in Angel Edmonton in and Ponders End in and other factories around the time included a jute mill and linoleum factories.
These early factories in Eastern Enfield were established in the early 19th century with the development of the predominantly rural area around Enfield Highway driven by the railways, which began to grow rapidly in the s. Edison took over the former jute mill at Ponders End in and adapted it for the manufacture of electric light bulbs and later radio valves. Belling started making electric fires in Enfield in and expanded to produce electric water heaters, cookers and immersion heaters by and a former Belling employee, subsequently set up the Edmonton switchgear firm, M K Electric.
Nowadays there are major regeneration schemes in place along the east of Enfield set to create thousands of new jobs at superb sites for business. By providing world class facilities for industry, businesses such as Kelvin Hughes — the market innovator for radar sensors and systems — can create the next generation of high tech products from Enfield and continue to demonstrate that the borough is home to innovation.
Enfield Pattern Rifle-Musket which used the Minié see British military rifles#Early Enfield rifles. The origins of the modern British military rifle are within its predecessor the Brown Bess musket. . calibre muzzle-loading percussion rifle manufactured for the British Army at the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield in the early 19th century.
For more information on local history, visit the heritage section on the main Enfield Council website. Skip to content. A tram on Fore Street circa Eastern Enfield armed the British Empire with rifles, bayonets and swords, but now the area is embracing different kinds of cutting edge technology.
Ponders End Mill circa The present buildings date from the late 18th century but there has been a mill on the site since at least the late 16th century and possibly since Domesday. The combination of magazine-held rounds, reliable ammunition, and greatly increased range made them formidable weapons in the hands of trained infantry. British regular troops were renowned for their ability to fire 15 rounds per minute with Lee-Enfield rifles.
The Canadians trained to emulate this rapid rate of fire, but they were equipped with the Canadian-made Ross rifle. A fine hunting rifle, the Ross was not robust enough for regular use in the trenches.
It also had a tendency to jam after rapid fire, a possibility increased by the use of unevenly produced British ammunition.