In neither case is the "meaning" to be thought of as somehow objectively "correct" or "true" by some metaphysical criterion. This is the difference between the empirical sciences of action, such as sociology and history and any kind of a priori discipline, such as jurisprudence, logic, ethics, or aesthetics whose aim is to extract from their subject-matter "correct" or "valid" meaning.
In his own time, however, Weber was viewed primarily as a historian and an economist. The affinity between capitalism and Protestantism, the religious origins of the Western world, the force of charisma in religion as well as in politics, the all-embracing process of rationalisation and the bureaucratic price of progress, the role of legitimacy and of violence as the offspring of leadership, the "disenchantment" of the modern world together with the never-ending power of religion, the antagonistic relation between intellectualism and eroticism: all these are key concepts which attest to the enduring fascination of Weber's thinking.
Many of Weber's works famous today were collected, revised and published posthumously. Significant interpretations of his writings were produced by such sociological luminaries as Talcott Parsons and C. Wright Mills.
Parsons in particular imparted to Weber's works a functionalist, teleological perspective; this personal interpretation has been criticised for a latent conservatism. Had Weber lived longer, the German people of today would be able to look to this example of an ' Aryan ' who would not be broken by National Socialism.
Weber's friend, the psychiatrist and existentialist philosopher Karl Jaspers , described him as "the greatest German of our era". Weber's untimely death felt to Jaspers "as if the German world had lost its heart". Weber's explanations are highly specific to the historical periods he analysed. Many scholars, however, disagree with specific claims in Weber's historical analysis.
For example, the economist Joseph Schumpeter argued that capitalism did not begin with the Industrial Revolution but in 14th century Italy.
Also, the predominantly Calvinist country of Scotland did not enjoy the same economic growth as the Netherlands, England and New England. It has been pointed out that the Netherlands, which had a Calvinist majority, industrialised much later in the 19th century than predominantly Catholic Belgium, which was one of the centres of the Industrial Revolution on the European mainland.
For an extensive list of Max Weber's works, see Max Weber bibliography. Weber wrote in German. Original titles printed after his death are most likely compilations of his unfinished works of the Collected Essays Many translations are made of parts or sections of various German originals and the names of the translations often do not reveal what part of German work they contain. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people named Max Weber, see Max Weber disambiguation.
Erfurt , Saxony , Prussia. Munich , Bavaria , Germany.
Friedrich Wilhelm University Heidelberg University. Weberian bureaucracy instrumental and value-rational action instrumental and value rationality instrumental and intrinsic value charismatic , traditional , and rational-legal authority ideal type iron cage life chances methodological individualism monopoly on violence Protestant work ethic rationalisation , secularisation , and disenchantment social action three-component stratification tripartite classification of authority Verstehen.
Economics sociology history law politics philosophy.
Main article: The Religion of China. Main article: The Religion of India.
Main article: Ancient Judaism book. Main article: Economy and Society. See also: Max Weber and German politics. Biography portal Sociology portal. The Cambridge Companion to Machiavelli. Cambridge University Press. Max Weber and His Contempories. In Alexander, Jeffrey C.
Berkeley, California: University of California Press. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 17 February Turner From Max Weber: essays in sociology. Psychology Press.
My Account. The second examines some of the way in which these views channelled his interests in sociology and influences his studies of capitalism, authority and religion. The first detailed exposition of this theme is found in a text entitled " Einleitung " [Introduction], written in , 3 though Weber had already set out this typology in a work plan sent to Paul Siebeck in June Egger, Stephan. When we jump from this initial version to the later one, the analytic framework of domination is reshaped. In relation to the theme of domination, it should be emphasized that in this first version, Weber begins his exposition with the charismatic form of domination, before examining the traditional and bureaucratic types.
Retrieved 22 March Max Weber: A Biography. Patrick Camiller. Polity Press. Philosophical Foundations of the Three Sociologies. Sociology 14th ed. Boston: Pearson. Max Weber and the New Century. London: Transaction Publishers, p. Calhoun Classical sociological theory. Retrieved 19 March Max Weber: an introduction to his life and work. University of Chicago Press. Retrieved 24 March Max Weber: An Intellectual Portrait. University of California Press. Pine Forge Press. Political Writings. Cambridge University Press, , p.
Max Weber. Lachmann The legacy of Max Weber. Ludwig von Mises Institute. Weber: a short introduction. Max Weber and German Politics, — Mommsen; Michael Steinberg Hobsbawm The age of empire, — Pantheon Books. University of Cambridge Press, Last accessed on 18 September Based on Lengermann, P. Boston: McGraw-Hill. The unknown Max Weber. Transaction Publishers. Essays in economic sociology. Princeton University Press. The New Yorker. Retrieved 25 September British Journal of Sociology. Journal of Economic Literature.
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The dividing line between success and failure: a comparison of liberalism in the Netherlands and Germany in the 19th and 20th centuries. Principles of Public Administration: Malaysian Perspectives. Kuala Lumpur: Pearson Publishers. Administrative Science Quarterly , Volume 10, September , p. Georg Simmel. Key Sociologists Second ed. London: Routledge. Gerth and C.
Denhardt Theories of Public Organization.
Cengage Learning. Retrieved 14 April Economy and Society: an outline of interpretive sociology. University of California Press, Google Print, p. The postmodern significance of Max Weber's legacy: disenchanting disenchantment. Retrieved 23 March Weigert Mixed emotions: certain steps toward understanding ambivalence. SUNY Press. The Max Weber dictionary: key words and central concepts. Stanford University Press.
Max Weber: an intellectual portrait. Retrieved 5 April Encyclopedia of Religion and Society. Retrieved 27 May Sociology of Religion. An ethic of responsibility in international relations.
Lynne Rienner Publishers. Max Weber left us with a set of pessimistic predictions about the emergent structure of modern society -- predictions which haunt us today. He warned that bureaucracy would become the predominant mode of administration in both the economy and the polity and that bureaucracy, because of its intrinsic structure, could become the infrastructure in a system of authoritarian domination.
Pursuing his analysis to its logical conclusion, Weber warned that bureaucracy could overwhelm parliamentary democracy, paradoxically, the system he spent his life helping to institutionalize in Germany. Weber offered little hope to optimistic dreamers. He not only predicted the probable decline of parliamentary democracy, he also insisted that socialism, as an alternative system of economy and polity, would be doomed to an even more rapid decline. In Weber's view, socialism would degenerate into a more insidious form of bureaucratic despotism.
Socialism demands more planning than capitalism and therefore generates a larger bureaucracy; socialism also fuses economic and political power, inadvertently establishing the administrative bureaucracy of the state as supreme. Hopes for both parliamentary democracy and for classless socialism shatter against the rock of authoritarian bureaucracy.
Weber's pessimism extended beyond the effects of bureaucratization to include certain "unintended" negative effects of the rise of rational science heralded with such enthusiasm by the enlightenment thinkers: The causually related decline of magic, ritual, and. An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. My study of Tokugawa Japan taking somewhat more optimistic approach to traditional society stressed the extent to which traditional Japanese institu-.
Weber Thesis Economic Development and Cultural Change XIV July pp all of which contain also very useful references and criticisms of other works bearing on this problem For fuller bibliography both of criticism of work on these Religions as well as of the attempts to search for the equivalents of the Protestant Ethic in non- Western European countries see the bibliography in S.
For survey of some of these attempts see R.