After the war, Schegel was arrested as a suspected war criminal and looter, and it was only after the personal intervention of British Field Marshal Harold Alexander that he was released. When the Allies landed at Anzio in January , the division was rushed to the area and took part in the battles against the invasion force, and for a time was employed opposite the 1st Special Service Force. In April , Panzer-Division 1. The change resulted in no major change in the organization of the division, however during this time away from the front the division was refitted and received replacement troops and vehicles, bringing it back up to strength after over 8 months of continual combat.
Arrangements were made for the division to be shipped to France to prepare for the expected allied invasion. Executing a fighting withdrawal towards Rome, the division held off the allied forces while the last German troops were evacuated, and on 4 June fell back behind the Italian capital, which fell on that same day.
On 16 July the division was ordered out of the line to prepare for transport to the Eastern Front. During this period, several veteran cadres were drawn from the division for the formation of Fallschirm-Panzergrenadier-Division 2. Also, the majority of the division's supply units were removed, as were many of its staff officers. In August, its counter-attack against the Magnaszew bridgehead, defended by the 8th Guards Army, failed after many days of heavy fighting.
The advent of the Warsaw Uprising brought the Soviet offensive to a halt probably intentionally on Stalin's order for the rising to fail , and relative peace fell on the front line as the underground Armia Krajowa defended the town alone against German forces throughout August and September In this period the division was notorious for using captured Polish non-combatant civilians as human shields when attacking the insurgents' positions in Warsaw. Following the destruction of the town, the division was attached to the newly formed Army Group Vistula formed 24 January , defending the ruins of Warsaw in what Hitler termed " Festung Warschau ", or Fortress Warsaw.
The Panzerkorps was then transferred to the East Prussia — Kurland region to halt the Soviet offensive which had already achieved the isolation of Army Group North in the Kurland Pocket and was now aimed at the capture of East Prussia. The Panzerkorps was involved in heavy defensive fighting near Gumbinnen, and when the Soviet assault petered out in late November, the Panzerkorps set up static defensive lines. Upon landing, it was thrown back into combat, defending the Oder-Neisse line against Soviet attacks through mid-March. To bolster the corps' strength, the elite Brandenburg Panzergrenadier Division was attached to the unit.
On April 22, the Fallschirm-Panzer-Division 1. By early May, the Panzerkorps was positioned near the Saxon capitol of Dresden. The remains of the corps began breakout attempts to the west, in order to surrender to the Americans who were currently halted on the Elbe. Despite valiant breakout attempts, the corps was encircled, and although several small groups successfully made it through to the west, the majority of the corps surrendered to the Soviets on 8 May One of these occurred in the surrounding area of the village of Civitella in Val di Chiana on 6 June where civilians were killed.
Around soldiers from the division took part in fighting during the August—October Warsaw Uprising in the Wola district, where mass executions of civilians occurred in connection with Hitler's orders to destroy the city. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Jump to: navigation , search.
Fallschirm-Panzer-Division 1. Panzer Corps Feldherrnhalle. Friedrich Behre?
Emil Rademann Gerhard Wendenburg. Hans-Georg Lehmann. This along with the? Hidden category: All articles with unsourced statements. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account. Namespaces Page Discussion. Views Read View source View history. This page was last modified on 15 December , at This article's content derived from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia See original source.
Just as things seemed to be going well for Kesselring, disaster struck. The US 36th Division, trying to outflank the German positions at Velletri, stumbled on to a tactically vital piece of high ground - the hills behind the town - and found them unoccupied. It was a mistake which was to cost the Germans dearly. The 'Hermann Goring' Division was rushed to the sector and thrown in to yet another counter-attack, but to no avail. Seizing his opportunity, General Mark Clark threw no fewer than eleven divisions against the unfortunate 'Hermann Goring' units and the th Infantry Division, which were forced to give way rapidly to avoid annihilation.
During the night of 2. On June 4 elements of the US 88th Division finally entered Rome , the prize which had been dangled before their eyes for so long and which had cost so much bloodshed. Although the German. But it was time for a change for the 'Hermann Goring' Division. On 5July it was pulled out of the line and entrained for Germany as one of the five divisions which Hitler had promised to send General Model for his planned summer counter-offensive against the Russians. Playing no part in the brutal suppression of the Warsaw uprising, the division was instead assigned, along with the 19th Panzer Division and the 5th SS Panzer Division 'Wiking'.
Model personally congratulated the division 's efforts which, he said, had 'saved Warsaw'. But it was a hollow victory, for the end waji already in sight for Nazi Germany.
In August the division withdrew behind the River Vistula but, during this month and September, it continued to distinguish itself in battle against the Soviet hordes. For example, on 5 August the Sturmgeschiitz company, commanded by Hauptmann Hans-Joachim Bellinger, succeeded in knocking out no fewer than thirty-six T two Russian tanks for each gun in the unit! Bellinger received the Knight's Cross for this action, not, as recounted by Bender and Petersen, for service in Italy. At the beginning of October the division began a remarkable transformation into a full-fledged Panzer Korps although, like so many of Hitler's late-war innovations, the title was more impressive than the reali ty.
Basically, the division was split Flamethrower team in action. Note protective clothing. They included, at last, a genuine contingent of trained paratroopers, plus two extra signal battalions and a new artillery battalion. A disadvantage of the expansion was that the bulk of the new personnel were Luftwaffe recruits with little or no ground combat training. This had the unfortunate effect of weakening the unit's overall esprit-de-corps and fighting efficiency, although nothing can be said against the personal courage of the men.
Necker was replaced in February by Oberst Max Lemke who, as commander of a reconnaissance battalion, had also won the Knight's Cross earlier in the war. One advantage which the two new divisions enjoyed compared with others was a centralized supply structure at Corps level, together with centralized anti-aircraft defence and a special assault battalion available as a useful mobile reserve see diagram. From this point onwards the unit's history is very similar to that of the 'Grossdeutschland' PanzerGrenadier Division described in Vanguard No.
Withdrawn to East Prussia at the beginning of October , it fought against the advancing Russians and even succeeded in throwing back the. SS combat unirorm and the light field equipment are clearly illustrated. For this Bowitz was awarded the Knight's Cross. Emplaced near Gumbinnen between November andJanuary , the ' Hermann Goring' Korps was involved in purely static trench warfare under the most appalling conditions- which were not improved by the Russian propaganda loudspeakers calling on the Germans to surrender.
Women and food were the usual enticements! Irresistible waves of tanks and infantry ploughed forward in two spearpeads aimed at Memel and Konigsberg. This offensive succeeded in cutting off large numbers of German troops around Heiligenbeil, including the two 'Hermann Goring' divisions. On 25 March they were pulled out and evacuated by sea to Swinemiinde and Denmark. Of the men who had formed the original Fallschirmpanzerkorps, barely a quarter survived. The remnants now fell under command of the 'Grossdeutschland' Panzerkorps, and fell or surrendered to the Russians in Saxony.
Many suffered long terms of imprisonment under the Stalinist regime, and the last members of the division did not se6. Uniforms and Equipment The original ' Hermann Goring' troops, as part of the German police force, wore police-green uniforms with light green piping down the tunic front, outside seams of the trouser legs and around the collar. Belts, straps and boots were black. Police collar patches and shou lder boards were worn, together with a special dark green cuff title introduced in December bearing in white the designation L. General Goring. This eagle differed from the Army model in depicting a bird in flight to the right clutching a swastika without a wreath in its claws.
Enlisted men's and NCOs' eagles were in machine-embroidered pale grey thread, officers' in silvery aluminium thread, and both appeared on dark blue-grey backing patches. From 23 March the regiment was issued fully with Luftwaffe clothing and equ'ipment. As time passed, however, the unit was also to acquire a variety of other clothing, including early pattern SS camouflage smocks, which will be described later. In most respects, Luftwaffe uniform styling was very similar to that of the Army, except that it was dyed a dark blue-grey colour instead offield greygreen.
Officers' headgear was the standard German. All featured interior pockets at breast level. The Fliegerbluse was usually worn open-necked, with or without the Luftwaffe pale blue shirt and black tie, but could be closed ifdesired by a simple hook and eye. In the 'Hermann Goring', rankers' issue for all services, the smart peaked service cap or collars were piped white, the divisional colour in Schirmmiitze; in the Luftwaffe it was of dark blue- other Luftwaffe field units only officers wore collar grey material with a black ribbed band. The edges piping, in silver. Th e officers' tunic was ranks was the Luftwaffe pattern Feldmiitze or field identical in cut but made of better quality material!
Officers weather. The stripes down the breeches' side seams.
Both patterns EinheitsJeldmiitze, or peaked field service cap for all were in blue-grey material. Apart from the ranks wasof Army pattern with scalloped front, but marching hoots, shon- or tall-ankled combat boots of course in blue-grey material and bearing the with laces were also commonly worn in the field, Luftwaffe eagle.
These laced across painted blue-grey instead offield grey, and with a special oblique Haps designed to support the ankle white Luftwaffe eagle decal on the left-hand side in on each instep, had thick rubber soles, and reached to mid-calf. Ordinary black lace-up shoes wert place of the Army's black and silver eagle. The basic issue tunic for all ranks was the worn by officers with walking-out dress. Both the Fliegerbluse and the field service tunic Fliegerhluse Hight blouse , a short jacket originally designed to be worn without hindrance within the could be worn with or without a belt.
Officers' belu confines of an aircraft cockpit. Three basic va riants were of brown leather with an ordinary white metal existed: a tunic without hip pockets, which was buckle with two 'prongs'; enlisted men and NCOs. In the field, the standard German 'Y' strap harness cou ld be attached to this to carry the men's equipment. A divisional list drawn up at the beginning of summarizes the clothing and equipment issue to 'Hermann Goring' personnel: Field dress-steel helmet and band, forage field cap, Fliegerbluse, trousers, marching boots, greatcoat and gloves both Luftwaffe blue-grey in colour , belt and buckle with bayonet and frog, 'Y' strap equipment harness, knapsack, gas mask a nd container, bread bag, canteen and cup, blanket and ground sheet.
Weapons were designated as the Kar 98 carbine for enlisted men and the 9mm P. Walking-out dress-peaked uniform cap, four-pocket tunic, trousers, black shoes and Luftwaffe dress dagger. Fatigues-blue-grey or black twill or white denim two-piece overalls. For tropical service there was a special Luftwaffe tropical uniform, comprising a four-pocket tunic and loose trousers with a large left thigh pocket, and [fopical versions ofthesidecap and field cap, all in a light sandy twill contrasting with the Army's olive shade and bearing the Luftwaffe cap badges, breast eagle and should er rank distinctions.
The tropical pith helmet was also issued but appears to have been as unpopular among Luftwaffe as among Army personnel. In addition, 'Herman Goring' officers and NCOs cou ld wear the unique Luftwaffe tropical service or ' Meyer' cap, a rather limp piece of headgear in lightweight sandy material with a large crown, a peak and a detachable neck flap designed to protect the wearer from sunstroke which was classed as a self-infEcted wound and thus a military offence. The national and rank insignia on the band and crown were in white thread for NCOs and aluminium wire embroidery for officers.
Many ' Hermann Goring' personnel, particularly in hot climates, affected brightly coloured silk scarves around their necks, although an order of 12 April ' prohibited their wear with walking-out dress whi le on leave. As in most armies, a greater degree of flexibility in dress was. An unidentified Oberst of the division wearing service tunic with full insignia. Note the early cuff-title; the details of collar and shoulder insignia; and the pilot's badge and bomber aircrew Frontjlugspange on the left breast.
In the summer of the 'Hermann Goring' Brigade began to be issued with camouflage smocks, although initially in small quantities only. These were uniformly of SS-pattern because supplies of the Army camouflage outfits were virtually non-existent at the time. S8 camouflage smocks and helmet covers were made,-as were the Army's, in reversible material designed to allow their wearers to blend in with natural conditions at particular times of year.
Whereas the Army smocks were merely 'two-tone' - winter wh ite and summer splinter pattern- the SS versions were avai lable in spring-summer-autumn-winter colours. The winter smock was white, of course, with either an. A later-pattern camouflage jacket autumn or a spring reverse. From spring to autumn with four pockets was also produced, but it is the following basic colours were used: spring 1 - unclear whether this was ever issued to the beige, pink, white, dark and light green j spring 'Hermann Goring' Division.
Some of of the war, but never in large quantities. Similarly, these patterns, which were theoretically a good during the winter of 5 in the latter theatre, idea, but which must have made storekeeping a nightmare, are illustrated in the colour plates. Again, note the high at the neck to be closed with drawstrings. It had no visibility of the white collar patches. Striking portrait of Lt. Musil of the Panzer Pionier Kp.
Note the early cuff-title; also the monocle and facial scar, most unusual characteristics outside the realm ofoomicstripsand Hollywood fantasies! His shoulderstraps were blue-grey with Wafferifarbe edging. A Gefreiter had two eagles on his collar patch and, in add ition, a single chevron, point down, on his upper left arm.
An Obergefreiter had three eagles on his collar patch and two chevrons on his arm, while a Hauptgefreiter or Stabsgefreiter had four eagles and three chevrons from two chevrons and a 'pip'. An U nteroffizier reverted to one eagle on his collar patch, but his shoulderstraps were outlined in silver-grey Tresse lace on the long sides and inner end.
An Unterfcldwebel had two eagles and his shoulders traps laced round the whole edge. A Fcldwebcl had three eagles, and a pip in the centre of his shoulders traps; an Oberfeldwebel four eagles and two pips; and a Stabsfeldwebel four eagles and. For most of the war the SS-pattern smocks remained standard within the division, and were worn by Panzer and self-propelled gun crews as well as ground troops.
Tank crewmen within the division wore the nonnal army double-breasted short black Panzer jacket and loose trousers, with the Luftwaffe eagle on the right breast and white or silver collar piping. Self-propelled gun crews received uniforms of the same cut, but in either army field-grey or Luftwaffe blue-grey instead of black. A wide variety of mixed uniform styles can be seen in the photographs, including camouflage smocks over black Panzer trousers and black Panzer jackets over blue-grey Luftwaffe trousers etc.
But if the 'Hermann Goring' Division's personnel wore a confused mixture of Luftwaffe, Army and SS clothing, three items still distinguished them immediately from all other German field units: their collar patches, shoulderstraps and cuHbands. All wore white Waffenfarbe on the shoulderstraps. From January to April all branches wore individual WaffenJarbe edging on collar patches, but kept white shoulde",rap WqffenJarbe. After April ' collar patches lost their coloured edging, and branch Wafferifarbe was worn on shoulderstraps. For visibility reasons white collar patches were ordered abandoned in the field from January , metal ranking being applied directly to collars.
The basic shape of the collar patches was a lozenge, squarer in shape than the Army pattern, and with rounded corners, like those of the SS. On Unidentified officers of the division displaying to advantage these patches were stylized eagles and oakleaf the Luftwaffe service tunic and ' Ryer's blouse'. Left, a wreaths denoting rank. A private i. Unteroffiziers and up wore Tresse-edged collars, also. Officers' collar patches were edged with si lver cord and ran in the samescquence, with one, two or three eagles for a Leutnant 2nd Lieutenant , Oberleutnant Lieutenant or Hauptmann Captain , above an oakleaf spray.
Their should erstraps were made of lines of sil ver-grey cord on a Waffenfarbe backing, with two Hauptmann , one Oberleutnant or no pips Leutnant respectively. Field officers also had onc Major , two Oberstleutnant- Lieutenant-Colonel or three Oberst- Colonel coll ar patch eagles, but surrounded by a complete oakleaf wreath, while their shou lderstraps appeared as interwoven silver-grey cords with no Major , one Oberstleutnant or two Oberst gold pips. A Gcneralmajor's MajorGeneral's should er insignia was similar to that ofa Major but in mixed gold and silver triple cord;.
General Conrath, accompanied by Lt. The enlisted men's Fliegerbluse is shown clearly. Arm of service or WaiJenfarbe colours, usually the army pattern, were used to edge the I patches and shoulderstraps as follows: white infantry grenadiers , pink for Panzer troops, for artillery and flak personnel, golden- and yellow respectively for reconnaissance troops, black for pioneers, light blue for workshop troops, dark blue for orange for military policemen dark green striped with lemon yellow for field troops and violet for chaplains.
Rank and speciality were thus easily but members of the 'Hermann. In May a new Gothic script title 'Hermann Goring' was officiall y introduced, but shortly afterwards this was replaced by a band with the same name in block capitals. Both were edged with silver braid for officers, and without edging for other ranks. The 'General Goring' title could still be seen being worn by none other than the divisional commander among others as late as the end ofl and by other ranks until the end of the war, as illustrated.
This is a prime example of the discrepancies between orders and actua l practice, which appear to befuddle many amateur military historians! All these cuflbands were 33mm wide and were supposed to be worn 16cm above the bottom of the right sleeve on all uniform jackets, excluding faligues and camouflage smocks.
However, it is apparent that many 'Hermann Goring' personnel wem without cuflbands at times, as large numbers of the division's troops can be seen without them in. Excellent photograph ofa Gefreiter of the division in Italy, his rank patches clearly visible on the collar of the blouse turned down over the 55 smock; he holds the standard Kar 98 rifle fitted with a grenade-throwing adaptor. Bundesarchiv ! Men entitled to wear them could also be seen with Kreta' or f Afrika' cuflbands on their lower left sleeves.
Vehicle identification markings The ' Hermann Goring' Division utilized a remarkably logical device on its vehicles and guns which not only identified the division, but also the arm of service and individual company all in one: a while circle with a bar, like the hand ofa clock, in different colours. The position of the 'hand' on the 'dial' indicated the company number, and its colour the arm of service.
Where two regiments existed ie, the two grenadier regiments , the 1st Regiment'S dial had a small inner circle in the same colour as the hand while, in addition, the number of the regiment was painted in black Arabic numerals alongside the four o'clock position. In some cases, 3'. Roman numerals a longside the eight o'clock position were used to denote the battalion within a regiment. The arm of service colours used for the hands were as follows: green for grenadiers, red for flak and arti llery units, black for Panzer and pioneer engineer units and yell ow for reconnaissance units.
To differentiate between the flak and artillery regiments, and between the Panzer and pioneer battalions, the latter units also had a small inner ring in the appropriate colour. A glance at the first colour plate wi ll illustrate these points. Some units carried a blue letter denoting their arm of service instead of the hand , including 'N' for supply troops , 'S' for medical units and 'Fg' for military police. In the field , these markings were repeated on divisional signposts by the roadside.
These signposts were painted in the arm of service colour for regimental headquarters, in white for 1st Battalion HQ in red for the 2nd, yellow for the grd and blue for the 4th. In add ition, the unit commander's name appeared in black capital letters alongside the 'dial'. When the division was expanded into a corps in a revised system of vehicle markings was Men of the ' Hermann Goring' Brigade photographed during the later stages of the Tunisian fighting, spring The 1st Division retained its original 'dial' system, while the 2nd Division based their insignia on the same 'clock hand' principle but on a diamond-shaped white background.
Corps troops used the while 'dial' with appropriate arm of service pointer, the whole within a red diamond, edged black. Vehicles and weapons The German ground forces used such a variety of tanks, guns, trucks, half-tracks and other assorted vehicles and weapons that it would be impossible to describe them all here.
The following comments are thus restricted to those most com monly used by the division. I t seems appropriate to begin with the flak artillery. The most commonplace German anti-aircraft gun was the 20mm Flak g8, a Mauser design with an effective cyclic rate of around rpm firing a 0. This weapon and the earlier, slower-firing Flak 30, equipped the majority of the light flak batteries and was especially useful against low-flying ground attack aircraft.
It could also be used against 'soft' ground targets with devastating effect. When grouped in fours on a single mounting as the. The basic gun was fitted with two wheels and could be towed behind any sortoflight or medium truck, but as the war progressed both the single and quad ruple mounts were fitted on half- and full -tracked chassis such as the SdKfz '51, SdKfz 7 and PzKpfw IV as self-propelled guns, especially in the Panzer and Panzer-Grenadier divisions. The Flak 38 could also fire an AP 40 armour-piercing round, although it was never classified as an anti-tank weapon.
Firing a heavier 1. All used the same ammunition but had different cyclic rates of fire varying from 80 to lBorpm. This gun was also mounted on a variety of self-propelled chassis, and was produced in limited numbers in double -barrelled form as the 3. Bypassing the 5cm and 7. Heavier flak guns in the Luftwaffe's inventory included the little-known Both these weapons were too heavy for normal field use and were usually found in static emplacements or on railway mountings.
A version of the Luftwaffe recruits receiving basic small arms training. They wear the white denim ratigues, which proved highly impractical. In the roreground is the MG [5 light machine-gun. German artillery regiments principally utilized guns of two calibres, both of which are still in wldespread use today: Artillery companies in infantry regiments were issued with smaller 7.
The most common? The superior Krupp Feldkanone 18 with its longer barrel was able to fire a shell twice this weight over 10, yards, but was actually more expensive to produce than the The latter gun was the backbone of the German field artillery and superior to the British 25 pdr. Designed by Rheinmetall again, it was a rugged and very sound weapon capable offiring its A hybrid version, with the original barrel mounted on the lighter Pak 40 anti-tank gun carriage, was also produced in an attempt to improve the weapon's This photograph may have been taken during service on the Warsaw front in Of all the German infantry guns produced, by far the most powerful was the Iscm sIG 33, which could fire a variety of ammunition types, including a useful stick bomb which was employed in clearing barbed wire entanglements.
The basic HE shell weight was just under 84lb and maximum range just over 5, yards. Although of the same calibre, ,scm, the sFH 18 was classified as a heavy rather than an infantry or field gun, but was a more effective weapon. Its split trail carriage enhanced its performance, and its much longer barrel could take a b shell and throw it to a maximum range of '4, yards. More popular- when available, because demand always exceeded supplywas the 17cm K 18, an excellent heavy artillery piece which also found favour with American and British troops when they succeeded in capturing one.
Despite its size, this Krupp weapon could be deployed rapidly and fired a lb shell over 32, yards. It had originally been designed to replace the heavier 21cm Mrs 18, but this large and versatile weapon remained in use throughout the war, firing a 28Slb shell to over 18, yards range. Many In addition to the '88', the Wehrmachtincluding the 'Hermann Goring' Division- used several other anti-tank guns, foremost amongst which was the 7.
Light, and with a very low carriage, this superb weapon fired a 71b shell at a muzzle velocity of 3,fps, giving it an armour penetration ability of inches I I5mm at yards obliquity. A variant of this weapon was installed in the PzKpfw V Panther tank, while the basic design was also mounted in a variety of half- and full-tracked. SP chassis as a tank destroyer, and in the larger eight-wheeled German armoured cars. T he subject of German tanks has been covered so thoroughly elsewhere, and the number of marks and variants is so long that it would be foolhardy to attempt a full listing here.
The vehicle which became the PzKpfw III was originally intended to provide the mainstay of the German armoured forces, but experience in the early Polish and French campaigns led to the rapid dismissal of this idea for, although superior in many respects to most other contemporary designs, it lacked armour protection and 'punch'. Its frontal armour was a mere Ismm, although this was later increased to 30 and then 50mm; and its main armament in the initial stages was the little 3.
Fortunately Daimler-Benz, the designers, had allowed a generous turret ring, allowing heavier calibre weapons to be fitted. These eventually included the long-barrelled 5cm anti-tank gun and a 7. Like the PzKpfw III it was produced in a variety of versions, progressively up-armoured and up-gunned, and was eventually manufactured in greater quantities than any other German tank. The most successful variants were those equipped with long-barrelled 7. Although longer, wider, higher and more heavily armed than the PzKpfw III, it weighed little more and had a similar turn of speed, while its range , utilizing the detachable external fuel tank on the hull rear, was far greater at miles.
Its frontal armour was comparable but rose to an eventual 80mm with applique plates, while hull and turret 'skirts' improved its survival qualities against hollowcharge projectiles. Generalmajor Schmalz, commander of the ' Hermann Goring' from 16 April until the end of the war left, in sheepskin coat presenting the Knight's Cross to divisional personnel in East Prussia after heavy fighting against the Russians.
Recipients are, from left to right: UfI'z. Werner Grunhold, efr. Konrad Steets, Grr. Other full-tracked armoured fighting vehicles used by the ' Hermann Goring' Division included the StuG UI , an assault gun mounting a 7.
The Fallschirm-Panzer-Division 1. Hermann Göring was an elite German Luftwaffe armoured division. The HG saw action in North Africa, Sicily, Italy and on the. Fallschirm-Panzergrenadier-Division 2 "Hermann Göring" was formed on 24 September in the area of Radom. It subsequently was joined with the Fallschirm-Panzer Division 1 Hermann.
Hurriedly planned after the invasion of Russia in ' had shown up the inadequacies of the PzKpfw 11 I and IV, its best features were its thick and well-sloped armour plates and its excellent 7. I t entered service in Russia in the summer of ' Badges and Insignia and served on to the end of the war.
This basic design was worn on the right breast ofall Carrying a crew of five men , and weighing-in at 45 Luftwaffe tunics and blouses, on the upper from tons, it had a top speed of nearly 29mph and a surface of all caps, in a wreath on the enlisted men's range of 55 miles. A2 Panzer uniJonn collar patch One of several variants j the pink Waffenfarbe piping was only authorized between January and April Elongated black patches of Army design but with white piping were the original insignia, and many remained in use after the white patch officially replaced them.
The final style was to wear the skull pinned directly to the collar without a patch. Former Army personnel often retained 'the long black patches piped in pink. A3 Vehicle identification marlrings a 1St Coy. Pioneer Bn. Military Police unit. See p. A6, A7 Oberfeldwebel shoulderstrop and collar patch The white piping indicates one of the Grenadier regiments see also p. A8, A9 Oberleutnant shoulderstrap and collar patch The yellow underlay indicates the Reconnaissance battalion see also p. A 10 Parachutist badge Instituted in November , this badge was worn on the lower left breast by all qualified parachutists.
The basic award, for three separate engagements on three separate days, lacked the small cartouche of the higher grade badge illustrated j this denoted service in 25, 50, or An 88mm Flak 18 engaging a ground target with combats. It was awarded to Panzer, PanzerGrenadier, armoured reconnaissance, and other personnel who served in armoured vehicles. A 13 Hermann Coring' Diuision transitional cuffband Replaced the regimental cuffhand in May a lthough the early pattern was still widely observed- and was itself replaced after a matter of months by A A 14 r Hermann Goring' Division cu.
In the summer heat most of the crew are in various stages of casual undress; some wear the Luftwaffe tropical uniform, some the blue shorts of the issue sports kit, some blue-grey helmets and some sand-painted tropical style helmets. The officer, a Leutnantofthe Flak Rgt.
Colourful scarves were a popular affectation in the division. The tactical sign of the 2nd Heavy Bty. On the left of the central group is a These conditions foreed Germany to develop a Hauptmann of the Panzer Regiment 'HG', in black wide range of mobile anti-aircraft vehicles, partivehicle uniform with collar patches in the division's cularly for protection against low-flying Allied white Waffenfarhe, shoulderstrap underlay in Pan- fighter-bombers. Two of these are shown here in zer pink Waffenfarbe, and an officer's-pattern action. Next to him is an elegant Panzer track mounting a single Flak 38 weapon of 20mm Regiment Leutnant, wearing a combination of calibre, is shown on the left.
The crew wear SSuniform items which was strictly unofficial but pattern camouflage smocks over the standard blue which is confirmed by photographs- the Luftwaffe Luftwaffe service uniform. He wears the Army-pattern collar patches built specially to Luftwaffe specifications and also with 'HG' white piping.
In the right foreground is mounting a Flak 38; the sides of the rear compartanother Panzer officer wearing the SS camouflage ment folded out and down in action. Both are smock and helmet cover in summer pattern colours, marked with the insignia of the division 's loth over his black Panzer uniform. On the right is a Light Flak Battery. A Flak 38 is Einheitsmiitze piped silver for commissioned preserved in the Imperial War Museum collection rank. The skulls from the coll ar-patches are pinned at Duxford, near Cambridge. E Divisional personnel otr duty, Italy, A peaceful game of 'skat' in an Italian bar.
On the cuOband retained despite regulations, indicate a left is an Unteroffizier wearing the popular former member of one of the parachute units Fliegerbluse with the white Wafftnfarbt of one of the drafted into the division at an early date.
An afteraction report, including maps concerning preparations for and. Radu Tavsance. A Gcneralmajor's MajorGeneral's should er insignia was similar to that ofa Major but in mixed gold and silver triple cord;. A Martin Baltimore bomber of No. In addition, the artillery regiments of Panzer divisions also included, as here, an assault gun battalion. CUP Terrains - Core.
Grenadier regiments; the en listed men's version of the divisional cuOband is illustrated here. From January onwards the wh ite collar patches were abandoned and the ranking ' wings' were pinned directly to the collar ; th e si lver NCO Tresst was replaced by grey lace. Centre is an Unterfeldwebel in the four-pocket Luftwaffe service tunic, worn as walking-out dress with the NCO's peaked cap, and stra ight trousers worn over black laced shoes.
The yellow Walfenfarbt and specialist arm badge identify an NCO of a signa ls unit. On the right is a Gefreiter in th e Luftwaffe's standard tropical uniform, which carried nocollar patches or collar piping. His shou ld erstraps identify him as a Grenadier; his parachutist badge, and the old-style. A Ab-dclao! Andere waren wet. Ocr Kopf. I 'lle. A7 Achsclltiick und Kragcnabuichen, Oberfeldwebcls, Crenadien. All Panurbmpfabzcichcn der Lufiwalfe. Modell enasa. Truppen lrugen hdlgraue Bezeichnung mil Budulaben.
AI L'ecu. Autra furent blanaunslc tuyautage;etnotrsavtttuyaulageblanc. A7 Patte d'ep. Daneben ihn un tin ftiner J.. Bemerken Kopfabuienen gerade auf den KraJ"'1I geheftet. LlUignes du col noirsaveetuyautageblanc. L'officier pone R. Die gelbe WalfenfaTbe und das Armdienslabzeicnen. Droile, un Gefmler misen lenue des lropiqua. Son brassard de premierdCliinet son ec. Avec annotations en f'rant;ais RII' les planches en couleur. In the regiment was among those selected to take part in the occupation of Austria, th e Sudetenland and Czechoslovakia, but only the 1St Light Flak Battery participated in th e Polish campaign of September ; the remainder of the regiment stayed behind to provide an ti-aircraft defence for Berlin and a guard for Goring's headquarters, However, in th e spring of a Wheel change for one of the ' HG ' Regiment's BMW motorcycle combinations.
In early ' it was transferred to Rumania to provide defence agai nst Allied bombing raids on the vita l Ploesti oilfields. Regiments were ofthree battalions plus an infantry gun company, an anti-tank company, and en - A group of officen from the Panzer Regiment ' HG', probably in Sicily or Italy, Eight 8 60cm searchlights were attached to the light batteries in two units of four.